car starter issues

Car Starter Issues And Their Fixes

Are you facing car starter issues and not sure what’s the problem? Are you concerned about the mechanic ripping you off with the repairs?

Running late for work only to find that your car won’t start can be quite frustrating. Car starter issues usually occur when there is a problem with your car’s battery, starter, or alternator.

However, the most daunting part here is identifying which part is the root cause of the car starter issues. All these parts work simultaneously to power your car’s mechanism, making it challenging to determine the underlying problem for inexperienced drivers.

In this article, we will cover some of the major car starter issues and how you may be able to fix them.

Main Car Starter Issues And their Fixes

Let’s go over some common vehicle starter issues, how you can identify them, and their fixes.

Battery Issues

signs that Car Battery needs replacement

When your car doesn’t start, the first thing to check is whether the car’s battery is working. Old or drained batteries can cause starter issues.

Car batteries tend to get weak and fail over time with excessive usage. Although sometimes you may get warning signs on your car’s dash, that’s not always the case. Besides excessive usage over time, if you’ve left on the lights overnight or turned the radio on and forgot about it, you’re definitely waking up to drained batteries.

If you have a jump starter in your car or house, it can be helpful to get some juice in your battery. You can also jump-start your car if it’s a manual transmission vehicle. Once you’ve got it up and running, head to a local garage for a new battery.

Defective Alternator

Another possible reason for your car not starting is the defective alternator which affects the battery. Alternators are responsible for charging the battery while the car is turned on, and when they get faulty, the battery cannot receive the required charge to operate.

Generally, when the alternator is near to fault, you will see warning signs such as cranking sounds from the engine or dim lights. Plus, if the serpentine belt is worn off or starting to slip, it will not supply power to the alternator, leading to a dead battery.

You will need to check the voltage output to identify whether the issue lies in the alternator. The ideal range should lie from 13.5 to 14.5, and if the damage seems quite severe, it is best to refer to a mechanic to avoid more issues.

Empty Gas Tank

filling gas on car

The most common car starter issue is an empty fuel tank. Usually, the fuel indicator will show you the warning sign if the tank gets empty. However, sometimes the gauge gets faulty and does not show any signs.

Also, if you live in a cold area where the temperature is usually low, your car may not start. A simple way to fix such issues is to refill the tank and make sure you are using the right fuel for the tank.

Starter Problem

A car starter can also be the reason your car will not start. It is a small, battery-operated motor that transmits power to get the engine running. Hence, if the starter is faulty, your vehicle will not start.

It usually happens over time that the starter gets damaged or worn out. However, it does not occur as a surprise. Generally, you will see some warning signs, including grinding noises, dim interior lights, burnt smells, and cranking engine sounds.

To inspect whether the starter is working or not, first, open the hood and check. Next, try to tap it with a solid object but don’t apply too much force. Doing this will usually bring the starter back to life. Lastly, you may need to inspect the transmission and fuel gauge.

Faulty Ignition Switch

car Ignition

Faulty ignition switches may be the cause of your vehicle not starting. The starter is also working if the battery is fine and has a charge. However, the engine may still not turn due to the faulty ignition switch.

Potential warning signs for this issue include a lack of engine noise or flickering dashboard lights. In addition, if the ignition switch is the root cause, you may not be able to turn the key at all.

The best solution for this problem is to get it fixed by professionals, especially if you are unsure about your skills.

Damaged Timing Belt

Timing belts also play an essential role in the functioning of your car. It is a type of rubber belt that consists of teeth and notches that control and balance the valves’ movement.

If the timing belt is worn off, you may see various symptoms, such as oil leakage, vibrations, engine misfiring, and squealing sounds.

Replacing the timing belt over time is necessary because it wears off easily, especially if you drive under harsh conditions.

If you are skillful in changing the car parts, you can easily use the instructional manual from your car’s manufacturer and, if not, get it changed by the mechanic.

Defective Spark Plug

Spark Plug

Another cause of your vehicle not starting is the damaged spark plugs. You won’t face spark plug issues if your car is new, but if it is old and has traveled around 100,000 miles, it is best to replace the spark plugs.

Some common signs of faulty spark plugs include trouble accelerating, rough idling, bad fuel efficiency, or misfiring.

If this is the primary cause, it is best to replace the spark plugs to get your vehicle moving again.

Conclusion

Car starter issues can happen anywhere, anytime. From a dead battery to a defective alternator, spark plug, timing belt, and many other causes, diagnosing car starter issues can be challenging.

The best way to start a car starter issues diagnosis is by checking the batteries before going to other steps, which is one of the most common problems many car owners face.

knocking sound in engine

Knocking Sound In Engine – Reasons & Solutions

The knocking sound in engine we often hear from a car is caused by the various moving components inside. You should pay close attention whenever you hear anything out of the usual. The gentle tap that varies in volume in response to your finger on the gas pedal may result from stuck valves or tappets. If you get a harder knocking sound with a loss in power, it’s likely that the ignition timing is incorrect. Sounds of rattling and then stronger knocking while starting the car might indicate a problem with the ignition timing. It will need extra time to fix the rattling noise that looks to be coming from beneath the engine. Most drivers lack the expertise to identify or differentiate between banging from the crankshaft, detonation, or piston rings. The best customer service teams are always willing to provide some help.

Knocking and pinging noises from an engine are indicators of underlying issues. If the knocking sound in engine becomes louder and then finishes with a bang and some metallic grinding or screeching, you’ll need to take your car in for expensive repairs. The presence of an engine knock in conjunction with the activation of the check engine light is indicative of the necessity for maintenance or a visit to a service center.

In this article, we’ll look at some of the reasons behind the ticking noise in engines and its solutions.

What Are The Reasons Behind The Knocking Sound In Engine?

Some of the reasons for the knocking sound in engines are explained below.

Bad Belt Tensioners Or Pulleys

Car Engine Noises

The knocking noise may also have another cause that isn’t the engine itself. It might be coming from the attachable belt. A belt linked to pulleys in the engine compartment is spun by the engine as the vehicle moves. To ensure a quiet, smooth rotation, the tension on this belt needs to be precisely right. Noises like rattling, clicking, and slapping may be produced by a loose belt, a malfunctioning tensioner, or a pulley that has been twisted out of shape. Replacement of the belt, adjustment of the tension, or the swapping out of a defective tensioner or auxiliary pulley is sometimes all that is required to quiet a noisy accessory belt.

Detonation Knock: Low Octane

car engine

Defining “detonation knock” is a necessary first step. The air and fuel combination for each cylinder burns in a precise, controlled detonation when the engine is running at peak efficiency. When the air-fuel combination in the cylinders is detonating in much more than one area at once, a knocking sound is produced. Spontaneous ignition of the air/fuel combination may occur. These little fireballs make a knocking sound as they crash against one another.

Your car may suffer engine knock if you use fuel with a low octane rating in a high-performance engine designed to run on high-octane fuels. Fuels with a higher-octane rating have a more even combustion and are less likely to experience knock. Putting normal petrol into a vehicle designed to run on premium fuel may explain the knocking noise it makes. For determining the optimal octane rating for your vehicle, check the manual that came with it.

Low Oil Pressure

low oil pressure

Additionally, engine knock may be brought on by low oil pressure. In an internal combustion engine, oil is used to lubricate the cam lobes, camshaft, lifters, rocker arms, and valve stems to help distribute the heat generated by these moving components. Oil is used to soak the lash, or space between components, in order to both lubricate and fill it. When the gaps between parts get too large, as may happen with age or insufficient oil pressure, the parts begin to clatter and knock against one another. On cold starts, before the oil has had a chance to reach all of the cracks in the engine, the knocking sound might be a little more apparent. Most contemporary engines rely on hydraulic lifters to reduce lash and knock, but they are equally prone to low oil pressure. Low-grade or low-quality oils may thin at high engine temperatures, preventing the formation of optimal oil pressure.

The use of engine oil specified by the manufacturer should result in enough oil pressure, excluding a leak in the oil system. Indicators of an oil leak include oil on the ground beneath the engine or around the seals.

and white ash on the spark plugs.

What’re The Solutions To The Knocking Sound In Engine?

car engine

In certain cases, fixing a ticking in engine might be a hassle. These are some of the most often used methods for solving ticking noise in engine.

  • Engine bearing replacement is a very labor-intensive repair that must be done. When this happens, it’s time to inspect your engine and reset any bearings that might have been blown away by vibration or other engine issues. Even though it will take a lot of time and effort, this will have your engine running like new again.
  • You should change the timing belt. A rubber belt will be used to regulate and manage your engine’s timing in the vast majority of smaller cars, along with most four-cylinder sedans. Unfortunately, all rubber belts ultimately fail due to stretching, corrosion, or wear. To avoid this, always replace your timing belt as the manufacturer suggests. When you replace your timing belt, you’ll need to get your timing adjusted to get everything back in sync. Most people lack the background and expertise to execute it successfully on their own. To further ensure your engine runs smoothly, a timing chain is used in most bigger cars.
  • The fuel must be changed. Using gasoline that lacks the necessary octane for your car is one of the possible causes of the ticking in engine. Many high-performance or high-compression engines can only function properly when supplied with premium fuel. If you’re hearing ticking in engine and you should know that premium fuel is required for your vehicle, you must convert to premium fuel immediately. This may stop the problem from worsening until your car is serviced.

Conclusion

If you can’t fix the ticking noise in engine, contact an expert to find out why. I hope you have got a clear understanding of the reasons and solutions for knocking sound in engine by reading this article.

how to fix an oil leak

How To Fix An Oil Leak?

If you have a car leaking oil, it’s essential to know how to fix an oil leak. Luckily, there are several ways to do so—some of which can be done on your own.

But, before you find out how to fix an oil leak, let’s go over what causes an oil leak.

What Causes An Oil Leak

car leaking oil

To know how to fix an oil leak, you must first diagnose the problem-what causes an oil leak in the first place.

Here are some common causes of oil leaks in a vehicle:

  • Faulty oil filter
  • Damaged gasket or oil pan resulting in oil leak after oil change
  • Defective installation resulting in oil leak after oil change
  • Improper valve rings
  • Damaged filler cap
  • Overfilling of oil

The cause of the oil leak is essential to diagnose. For example, an oil leak after oil change could mean a damaged gasket, meaning you need to repair your gasket.

Let’s go over how to fix an oil leak.

How To Fix An Oil Leak At Home?

Here are our top tips for fixing an oil leak:

Use An Oil Leak Stopper

You can use a product like Bar’s Leaks to prevent oil leaks from recurring in your car. Apply the product to the leaky area, let it dry for several hours, then drive your car for a few days to see if there is any improvement.

Use A Mechanical Sealant To Fix An Oil Leak

A mechanical sealant is a substance that fills the gap between two surfaces, preventing oil or other fluids from coming out. You can use it to fix an oil leak in your car’s engine, but it’s also helpful in resolving other problems.

Mechanical sealants come in many forms: they can be liquid or solid and are commonly used with tape or as glue. You’ll want to find one that matches the type of material where you’re applying it so that it doesn’t leave any residue afterward when you remove it (and so on).

Use A Gasket Sealer To Repair An Oil Leak

Gasket Sealer To Repair An Oil Leak

Gasket sealers are a great option if you don’t have access to the necessary tools or equipment, but they’re not always ideal.

If you’re looking for a way to repair your oil leak without having to go through the hassle of hiring someone, consider using gasket sealer spray instead.

Check The Valve Stem Seals On Your Car’s Engine

Here are the steps to follow for damaged valve stem seals causing oil leaks:

  • Check the valve stem seals on your car’s engine.
  • If you have an oil leak, replace the valve stem seals.
  • If they’re worn or damaged, replace them.
  • If they’re leaking, replace them.
  • And if they crack and let oil escape into your engine compartment (aka leakage), we commend taking it to an expert mechanic who can fix this problem for you!

Fixing A Leaking Head Gasket

The head gasket is the part of your engine that seals the oil from entering your engine. If this seal is damaged, you’ll see oil leaks.

To fix a leaking head gasket, you need to replace it with new parts. You will need to buy a new head gasket sealant (this is usually found in auto parts stores or online). You can also use another type of sealant, like silicone-based ones, if you don’t want something too thick or goo-ey looking on your car’s exterior.

You’ll also need to buy some new head gaskets if they are worn out or have been broken into pieces over time due to age and wear (they’re expensive, though, so make sure yours hasn’t been damaged).

Now that you know how to fix an oil leak, let’s find out the answer to how much does it cost to fix an oil leak?

How Much Does It Cost To Fix An Oil Leak?

fixing an oil leak

As explained earlier, there is a wide range of sorts and locations in your car that it may impact. Therefore, the sooner you take care of the issue, similar to most auto repairs, the better off you’ll be and the more cash you’ll save.

So, how much does it cost to fix an oil leak?

Early Fixing

Early detection of an oil leak in your car will result in minimal expenditures. Your dealer or specialist will most likely need to repair the damaged components, such as oil seals or gaskets. These things cost between $5 and $10 each and are reasonably priced and accessible. It might be a bit higher if you factor in labor costs, but that depends on your situation.

Late Fixing

oil leak fixing

You will have to pay a higher cost if you wait till later. Additionally, it relies on whatever component of your car is most damaged. You can be looking at several thousand dollars if the problem is with the engine.

If it’s the radiator, it might cost you less, but it won’t be less than $300. You might need to order and replace a whole part, resulting in a higher cost. After accounting for labor costs, you’re left with a hefty payment that could be challenging to pay.

Even though the expense of repairs may seem prohibitive, your technician will do a careful leak check and give you a complete report outlining the necessary work and associated costs. They might advise doing more work, such as a full oil change, which would increase the price.

Significant repairs are less likely to be necessary if you maintain the engine properly and change the oil frequently. Regularly investing a small sum of money in this maintenance will help you avoid unnecessary headaches on how to fix an oil leak.

As with learning any repair work, whether it be how to fix an oil leak or the humming sound in your car, it’s essential to do your research and find the right solution for you, as there are many different types of leaks and each one will require a different repair method.

car leaking oil when parked

Car Leaking Oil When Parked – Reasons & Solutions

Is your car leaking oil when parked, and you don’t know what to do? Not sure what causes oil leaks and worried about your car?

Oil’s primary function is to reduce friction in your automobile. When your engine’s components are functioning effectively without rubbing against one another and producing corrosion, you have a top-quality, pure oil performing as it should.

However, the oil loses its dense nature and gets polluted with time, and it becomes filthy. And when that occurs, it loses its capacity to reduce wear and tear, which means that the parts of your vehicle will wear themselves out over time, leading to erosion and possibly severe mechanical failure.

Leakage could result from an issue with a new oil change, and it’s possible that the oil filter was broken or improperly installed. There could be one or several reasons for your car’s oil leak.

Let’s explore common symptoms of “car leaking oil when parked” and how to go about an oil leak repair.

Car Leaking Oil When Parked: Common Oil Leak Symptoms

Common Oil Leak Symptoms

If oil is dripping from your engine, it is a sign that it has been too long since your last oil change. Finding a pool of greasy or brown liquid beneath your vehicle after it has been parked in a space for some time is one of the most common symptoms of an oil leak.

However, many modern cars feature underbody protection that will likely harbor the oil before it gets to the ground, which may conceal a significant oil leak.

Another very reliable indication of leakage is an oil-covered engine. Sometimes you should open the hood and check the fluid levels in your car.

Suppose there are several leaks or seeps where the oil stains; you might be able to detect them. Finally, leaky oil might come into contact with hot parts of the engine, causing it to burn and emit an unpleasant stench.

If you’re wondering what causes oil leaks, there are four main reasons for your car leaking oil when parked. Let’s explore those and how to fix an oil leak.

Car Leaking Oil When Parked: Reasons For The Leak

Car Leaking Oil When Parked

If you’re experiencing a car leaking oil when parked, here are the four common reasons for the leak and how to fix an oil leak.

Worn-Out Engine Gaskets

The heat produced by moving might lead to engine gasket damage. Whenever you stop your car, the engine block and head temperatures increase. Consequently, the metal components flex, putting more strain on the gaskets.

Metal parts will shrink when the engine temperature drops, creating gaps between the parts and the seals. It will cause the gaskets to wear out, and these responses will result in an oil spill. To be sure it is not just an oil gasket or a faulty valve seal, take the vehicle to an auto repair shop.

You may have a blown gasket if your vehicle is an older model, and the rubber encasing the engine block may have degraded. Both parts will require changing to go about this type of oil leak repair.

Broken Oil Pan

Bad roads or debris might damage your car’s oil pan, located at the engine’s base. The gasket or pan may also be damaged or deteriorate over time, resulting in an oil pan or even an oil pan gasket leak.

Faulty Oil Seals

Your automobile can have a bad valve seal that allows oil to seep out while parked. However, the oil won’t be visible if the gaskets are without holes. The leaked oil inside the gasket will burn off during combustion, making it difficult to diagnose.

Faulty Installations

The incorrect fitting of an oil gasket might result in a leak. It is possible to overtighten the oil pan or valve cover gasket, and the uneven tightness might also have a role. Engine oil may seep through oil filters that are loose or improperly fastened.

Now that you know what causes oil leaks let’s discuss some solutions.

What Should You Do When Your Car Is Leaking Oil?

When you detect that your automobile is leaking oil while parked, here is how to fix an oil leak.

Pour An Additive For Preventing Leaks Into The Oil Reservoir

Oil Reservoir

 

Although useful for tiny leaks, this should only be used as a temporary fix and can’t be used for significant leakage. The addition lubricates seals and plugs small leaks. Please make sure the gasket of the oil pan and the valve cover gasket are placed correctly by having a technician check them.

Replace The Rings Or Seals On Your Valves

If your pan gasket is outdated, it should also be changed. Even if an issue with your automobile does not have to do with oil, don’t disregard it.

It is due to the interdependence of the components in your car. The others, particularly the closest ones, will be impacted by the malfunction of one portion.

Procrastination will increase the pressure on other components, causing them to break down and raising the oil leak repair costs. Hence, it is best to have your vehicle checked by an auto technician as soon as possible to avoid further complications.

Replace The Oil

A car repair shop’s technician will have the chance to inspect the engines and any other parts that use oil during routine oil changes. The expert will make sure they are functioning correctly.

Plan Your Regular Auto Maintenance

Common things to check in your vehicle

If a little leak begins, outfit the car with a leak-stopping additive. Additionally, you may purchase engine oil with leak-suppressing qualities.

Every few years, repair or replace worn-out auto components with new ones.

You can also DIY the entire process as it is not that difficult after looking at a couple of DIY videos for “car leaking oil when parked.” However, the process may be long and arduous, and you might be frustrated if you don’t have a DIY thumb.

If you’re experiencing “car leaking oil when parked,” it is best not to drive the vehicle anymore before making the necessary repairs or replacements as it could damage your engine.

engine oil leak

How To Stop Engine Oil Leaking?

The engine oil leak is an indication that there is a significant problem with the engine. If you fail to check for an engine oil leak, such leaks could extend to rubber hoses or seals, which would accelerate the process of aging for those components. A spill of motor oil might potentially leave unsightly stains and cause damage to the surrounding environment.

Do you have any idea how terrible the damage that could result from engine oil leaks could be? You have got it exactly right! A potential source of fire in the engine compartment can result in an unexpected loss of engine power, putting people in danger.

What Causes Engine Oil Leakage?

Engine Oil Leakage

An improperly functioning gasket or seal is the root cause of almost all engine oil leaks. If you strike anything with enough force to punch a hole in one of the metal elements of the engine, then there is a very small chance that you will experience a leak in that part (like bottoming out the oil pan on a large rock). However, it is fairly normal for the soft gaskets that are sandwiched between the metal components to become more rigid or shrink with time. As an automobile gets older, it’s something that almost seems inevitable and will take place at some point.

How To Stop The Problem Of Engine Oil Leaking?

Before fixing the problem of the oil leak, you must know how to check engine oil and understand the functions of stuff like engine oil pressure sensor, low engine oil pressure, etc.

Let’s look at some of the ways of stopping the engine oil leak.

Inspection And Detection Of The Oil Leak

Inspection And Detection Of The Oil Leak

You should first identify the source of the leak before attempting to remedy it. Different types of oil are utilized in the engine, transmission, and steering system of power, or any of them could face leakage.

Finding out which part of the vehicle is leaking oil might be as simple as spotting it in the act of looking for the oil streaks. Elements like skid plates and other pieces of the car need to get in the way, diverting the oil droplets and making it difficult to detect exactly where the oil originates from.

As a result, the simplest way to identify an engine oil leakage is to test the oil base. Remember these things:

  • Leaking oil will appear yellowish or amber in color if it hasn’t been changed in a while.
  • The hue of transmission oil is reddish.
  • The color of the new steering fluid of power is a bright yellowish-orange tone.

Keep in mind that radiators can also leak coolant, which nowadays comes in a wide variety of colors. Coolant, on the other hand, is not oil. Consequently, it won’t feel oily when you touch it and will dry off.

You can, of course, check the fluid levels to see if something is leaking. Transmission leaks are obvious if your fluid level drops below the minimum. A power steering fluid leak must be found and repaired if your fluid level is low. If your engine’s oil level drops below the recommended level, it’s possible that the engine is facing burnt or leakage of oil. Which one are you referring to? If you’re noticing indicators of an oil leak, and the transmission and steering fluid of power levels are full, you may be sure that the leak is originating from the engine. Oil burning issues can cause low engine oil pressure, but if the transmission or steering fluid levels of power are low, it’s more likely that they are the issue. Fixing both the transmission/power steering leak and the oil-burning engine is necessary in this case. The engine oil pressure sensor is also crucial here in this case. Lastly, if you don’t know how to check engine oil, things will be problematic.

Time To Fix The Leak

Time To Fix The Leak

To fix an oil leak, you’ll need to get your hands dirty after you’ve completed your inspection. To repair that leak, you don’t need to read an entire book. Aside from a few expensive solutions, the majority of oil leaks may be repaired in your garage or driveway quite cheaply. As long as you have the right tools, you’ll simply need to buy any special additives or new parts (something like a new oil pan). Here are the two most common methods for dealing with an oil leak.

1. Stopping The Leak With An Additive

Stop-leak additives and high-mileage oil blends can be used to address the leak on your own. The rubber seals in your car can be softened and conditioned with these chemicals to halt and prevent further leaks. The leak may not be totally sealed for several hundred miles of driving. After that, you’ll learn how to cope with oil leaks, such as those caused by a dripping oil pan. Before utilizing stop leak, try to fix the leak by changing the defective parts.

2. Using Tools To Fix The Issue

It’s not as difficult as you would think to fix an oil pan leak using simple hand tools, a torque wrench, and a jack, and stands or ramps are all you’ll need. As a first step, it is necessary to carefully jack the automobile up so that you may access the oil pan. Check the oil pan now for any loose bolts. These nuts might loosen with time, allowing water to flow out. Tighten the oil pan bolts completely before moving on to the timing belt cover and the valve covers. It is important to know that some car models have special requirements for the tightening of fasteners. For further information, consult a service manual or repair guide.

Testing After Repairing The Leaks

Testing After Repairing The Leaks

It’s time to put the fixes through their paces and see if they work. Fill up your oil pan with a quart of new oil. As soon as the engine is running, you should open the hood. While the automobile is running, inspect the engine’s top. If you notice smoke coming from your engine, it’s possible that oil is leaking from the gasket or oil cap. It’s critical to learn what’s causing oil leaks in your car’s various components.

When you have finished driving about for a few minutes, park the vehicle around five feet away from where it was initially parked. Check to see if there are any oil spills on the driveway and fix them if you find any. It is of the utmost importance that you check the tightness of each and every one of your bolts to make certain that they are not coming undone.

Bottom Line

An oil leak is one of the most common and inconvenient problems that may occur with a vehicle. Before you go to the shop and rack up an expensive repair bill, teach yourself how to check engine oil and fix an oil leak on your own. Before starting the engine, you need to make sure that everything from the oil pan to the gaskets and the oil cap has been inspected. After the repair is complete, a second check should be done to ensure that the issue with the leak has been resolved. When it comes to repairing an engine oil leak problem on your vehicle, all you really need is some patience and background information on stuff like engine oil pressure sensor, oil pan, low engine oil pressure, and transmission leaks according to the specific repair guide of your car.

car engine parts

Most Important Car Engine Parts

A magnificent marvel of engineering may be found behind your engine cover as you start to examine all the car engine parts. Have you ever wondered what their purposes are?

Your engine, like people, requires energy to move. In actuality, the engine’s primary function is to use a spark to convert energy to run the car engine from the fuel into power to move. To generate movement, this internal combustion generates tiny, confined explosions.

While most of us conceive of something like an engine as a single unit, it is essentially made up of multiple different components that function in combination. Some of these engine parts’ names may be familiar to you, but it’s crucial to understand what they do and how they interact with other components inside the engine.

In this article, we will explore the most important car engine parts, loud car engine noises, mid engine cars, how long can a car engine run, and how does a car engine works.

Let’s get started!

10 Important Car Engine Parts

Some of the interesting car engine parts are discussed below:

Engine Block

Engine Block

The engine block is the foundation of all engine parts. The engine block serves as a container for the crankshaft, pistons, and, on occasion, the camshaft. The engine block not only holds goods but also has a variety of machined sides.

Cylinders are the openings inside the engine block, which seems to be a machine. An engine typically has 4 to 16 cylinders, depending on size. The block can be built in a variety of ways.

Piston Or Torak

Pistons play a vital role in car engine parts.

It is a cylindrical-shaped piece of metal that is located within the cylinder. During a crankshaft rotation, it fluctuates in the cylinder twice. For instance, if an engine rotates at 3000 RPM, pistons traverse 5000 RPMs down and up.

By the attachment of rod and piston rod, pistons transmit the energy released by the combustion in the crankshaft. The energy delivered either by pistons is what propels the vehicles.

The pistons are equipped with rings known as “piston rings,” which ensure good sealing. Modern automotive pistons are coated with a special substance that helps to decrease friction, leading to better and more extensive performance of pistons.

Piston Rings

Piston Rings

It is the latest advancement in car engine parts.

Piston rings offer to seal the cylinder’s inner and outer edges. The piston ring serves two basic functions:

  • They keep the combustion chamber’s emissions and air/fuel mixture from entering the bottom tank while combustion and compression.
  • They prevent the oil in the sump tank from reaching the main chamber and being burnt and lost.

Most vehicles with old rings that can no longer be used must add a quarter of the oil every 1000 miles to replenish the oil that has been burned. Modern automobiles employ sophisticated materials in their piston rings.

It is one of the reasons current vehicles’ engines function longer and can go farther amid oil changes. Then you’ll see that if you make an error with this type of little item, it will harm the entire system.

Crankshaft

The crankshaft moves in the lower half of the engine block, riding on the journals. It is a finely calibrated and machined component that connects the pistons through a connecting rod. The crankshaft is in charge of turning the upward and downward direction of the piston into reciprocal or rotational motion. Furthermore, this component spins at the same rate as the engine.

Camshaft

Depending on the engine construction, the camshaft might be on the cylinder heads or even the block. If it is positioned in the engine block, it is also known as the cam in the block engine. In contrast, the camshaft in most modern automobile engines is located toward the cylinder head.

The latest car engines can be categorized as single overhead camshaft (SOHC) or double overhead camshaft (DOHC).

The camshaft’s primary function is to convert the engine’s rotating or reciprocal motion into up-and-down movement.

These transformed movements will govern the movement of the lifter that will operate the rocker, valves, and pushrods. Furthermore, the camshaft is supported by a slew of oil-lubricated bearings to enhance the engine’s longevity.

Cylinder Head

The above-mentioned car engine parts are known as car engine lifters. A cylinder head seems to be more precise. Depending on the design, the cylinder head may have pushrods, valves, lifters, valve springs, rockers, and perhaps even camshafts.

It regulates the intake airflow within the cylinders during the input stroke operation. It also permits exhaust gasses to travel to the exhaust system during the emission stroke procedure.

Cylinder head screws keep the cylinder head in place in the engine. The head gasket, however, seals the space between the bolts and the cylinder head. Most engine troubles are caused by these gaskets.

Spark Plug

Spark Plug

It is also included in car engine parts. The spark plug produces the necessary spark to ignite the combination of fuel and air, enabling combustion to occur. The spark must occur at the appropriate time for everything to function properly and without failure.

Sump

The sump is located at the bottom of the engine that surrounds the crankshaft. It has some oil in it that is stored in a pan. Despite being in the lowest place in your automobile, don’t presume that this part is less crucial than others.

Valves

The intake and exhaust valves open at the appropriate times to allow fuel and air to flow into the cylinder and exhaust gasses to exit through the exhaust chamber. Keep in mind that the twin valves are shut during the compression and combustion processes to maintain adequate combustion chamber sealing.

Connecting Rod

The connecting rod is the link between the piston and the crankshaft. It may spin at both ends to modify its angle as the crankshaft spins and the piston goes up and down.

We’ve gone over the important car engine parts. Now let’s explore some of the most common engine noises and how to prevent them.

Loud Car Engine Noises You Should Never Ignore

Car Engine Noises

Loud car engine noises can be annoying and can be a sign of great danger too. These are some really loud car engine noises that you should not ignore.

Squealing

Has there ever been a moment when squealing is appropriate outside of the automobile industry? If you notice a squeal originating from beneath the hood, you should be concerned. This irritating sound is usually caused by a faulty or even loose belt made of serpentine.

Tapping/Clicking

When the oil in the engine becomes low, it creates a specific sound. It sounds like a clicking, ticking, or tapping noise. Fortunately, this is one of the simplest conditions to identify; simply glance at the dipstick.

You may also simply deal with the problem by adding extra oil. However, applying oil is just a temporary solution.

Knocking

While driving, the engine might produce a noticeable pinging or metallic banging sound. This is referred to as a “detonation knock.” This happens whenever the air/fuel combination inside any of the cylinders detonates in many areas at the same time. This problem might be caused by using the incorrect octane of gasoline in the system.

What Are Mid Engine Cars?

mid engine

Mid engine cars are a sort of automobile powertrain arrangement. Although the phrase “mid-engine” can refer to any location in the automobile where the engine’s center of gravity is at both the rear and front axles, it is most commonly utilized in sports cars and race cars when the engine is located behind the passenger compartment. Mid Engine Cars have many benefits, some of which include:

  1. It has increased stability.
  2. It is superior in handling.
  3. It’s a comfortable ride.
  4. It has improved traction.
  5. The mid-engine structure enables a buttery, smooth, and pleasant ride.

A significantly smoother ride is attainable with the mid engine arrangement. Because the load of the automobile is distributed evenly, the chassis is more efficient at absorbing road bumps and roughness.

FAQ: Car Engine

How Does A Car Engine Work?

Here is some brief information on “how does a car engine work?”.

  1. The gasses push the pistons and move them.
  2. The piston then rotates the car’s crankshaft.
  3. With the help of gears, the motion starts to move the wheels.

How Long Does A Car Engine Work?

Now that you are aware of car engine parts, how long does a car engine work? This is another basic concern of people. It is difficult, almost impossible to figure out “how long does a car engine work?” as it depends on a variety of factors.

The longevity of a car engine, for example, is determined by the metal it is made of; most car engines are made of iron and aluminum. However, the approximate average lifespan of a car engine is about eight years, or we may say 150,000 miles.

How Long Can A Car Engine Run?

Here is to answer the major concern of people who tinker with their minds: how long can a car engine run? Most vehicles only have enough gasoline for 500 kilometers or about 7-8 hours. An engine can operate as long as there is petrol in the tank.

We’ve gone over some important engine parts. Although each one of these parts has a unique purpose, they are all interrelated. Maintaining all these car engine parts properly will guarantee that your engine runs at peak performance.

car wheel parts

Car Wheel Parts- Know Them All

Have you ever wondered what the various sorts of car wheel parts are and what they are used for? Cars have evolved into a variety of body types, forms, and shapes over time. Some automobile equipment has become outmoded and has been phased out or replaced by newer equivalents. But, since its invention, the car wheel has been in use.

The invention of the wheel marks the beginning of the transportation age. The wheel revolutionized transportation. These spherical constructions generate rotating motion and carry the vehicle from one spot to another. It begins to be utilized in a variety of settings. Therefore, for any automobile, wheels are essential.

The car wheel creation dates back to 3500 BC. These spherical blocks come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and styles from the beginning. Despite this, their function has remained unchanged.

Various components of the car wheel parts serve various functions to ensure that it functions properly. If you’re a car enthusiast, you should be familiar with the various car wheel parts and their roles. Some car wheel parts have caused confusion and worry. So, let’s break down the car wheel parts and explain their functions, structure, and adaptations in the sections below.

What Is Car Wheel

What Is Car Wheel

Wheels are the fundamental round blocks that revolve to allow the car to drive. They are positioned vertically beneath the vehicle, permitting not only transportation but also the support of vehicles and heavy cargoes.

Car Wheel Parts And Functions

The car wheel parts are made up of various elements, each with its function, but not everyone who drives a car is familiar with them all. To help you understand more about vehicles, trucks, and how they function, we’ll look at the basic components of a vehicle’s wheel and tire. Knowing mostly about your vehicle can enable you to take care of it so that it can continue to function for a long period.

  • The Tire

The tire is the car wheel parts that make contact with the ground. This is a simple and uncomplicated solution. We’re all aware of the tire’s location and appearance. The smoothness of the ride is mostly determined by the car’s tires. It’s the initial stuff you find out when you look at a car wheel because it’s the outermost piece. The ring-shaped outer covering is known as the tire.

The majority of car tires are pneumatic, meaning that pressurized air is used to inflate them. Charcoal black, rubber (synthetic or natural), and a few chemical compounds are used to make them. Tires are available in a variety of sizes to fit a variety of vehicles. It is important to have the proper tire type on your car for safety reasons. Tires retain the road when it’s wet, slick, or snowy, and they help with handling inclement weather.

  • The Rim

The Rim

The cylinder that contains the tire is known as the rim. The car wheel parts rim is the foundation of the wheel assembly. The tire wraps around the rim to provide stability while yet allowing air into the tire. Rims are commonly composed of aluminum or steel and are available in a variety of styles. To catch the eye, plastic hubcaps or polished chrome hubcaps are offered. The size of the car tire is determined by the rim’s width and diameter.

The rim’s barrel serves as a mounting platform for the tire. The drop-off point is the barrel’s inside diameter, which defines the mount wheel type. The drop center for front-mounted wheels is near the wheel’s front face. Drop-off points are located on the back face of rear-mount wheels.

  • The Hub

The hub is a car wheel parts that connects the wheel to the vehicle. The hub is the middle part of the wheel. There is a central bore in it. This bore is used to attach the wheel to the axle. When the operator pushes the brake, the brake pads rest on the wheel hub, guaranteeing that the car brakes.

The middle bore is covered by a detachable middle cap on the wheel’s outer edge. A wheel disc, which is either removable or permanently attached to the rim, connects the hub and rim. For extra attractiveness, most wheels now have spokes with a unique design.

Be sure the center bore of an aftermarket automobile wheel is the same size as the OEM or OE wheel when purchasing one. It will set you back extra to use wheels with a larger central bore because hub-centric rings will be required to bridge the gap.

On spoked vehicle wheels, the center disc is situated immediately outside of the middle cap. The wheel offset is determined by this disc’s thickness about the centerline.

On the middle disc, bolt circles are typically created by drilling lug holes. The holes in which the lug nuts are secured are known as lug holes. Bolt circles are formed by the lug holes and have a diameter known as the bolt circle diameter (BCD).

  • Valve System

The valve system on car wheel parts is a component that aids in tire pressure management. The valve system in car tires inflates or deflates them. To let the driver know the pressure state at all times, car wheels include a valve mechanism linked with the tire pressure monitoring system.

  • Wheel Bearings

Wheel Bearings

The revolving wheels and the stationary vehicle are connected by car wheel parts known as wheel bearings, which form a low-friction connection. Antifriction bearings are used on all wheels. Inner race, rolling element, and outer race are the three essential sections of an antifriction bearing.

When selecting a wheel bearing, the type of load, maximum bearing speed, location on the vehicle where the bearing will be used, and the vehicle’s intended use must all be carefully evaluated.

To give the longest service life with the least amount of weight and size, the overall bearing size, as well as the size of the rolling parts, should be determined.

  • Wheel Fasteners

The manner the rim is fastened to the flange of the hub or axle is an important consideration in the design of the wheels and tires. Wheel studs are found in the flange of the hub or axle of practically all automobiles and trucks. Threaded bolts or studs pressed into a hub or flange are the most typical wheel studs.

To keep the stud loose, a sharp region on the back of the stud is carved into the hub or axle metal. The stud’s head is similar to that of a bolt and is larger than the flange or hub hole. The stud can’t go all the way through a slit because of the head. A main part of the hub or flange is elevated slightly to keep the rim’s center in place and center the wheel properly.

Why Do Batteries Leak

Batteries

Do you know why do batteries leak? When an (alkaline) battery discharges its charge, the chemicals inside produce a gas. If this happens too often, the battery cell may burst. This is where there is a chance of leaking. The battery seal normally avoids this.

While a battery is left in a device for an extended period, especially when it is not in use, leakage occurs. Even if the device is turned off, it continues to ‘check’ for remaining power. This places a certain degree of strain on the battery, making it more vulnerable to leaking.

So, why does your car battery leak? The most common cause why do batteries leak is car battery age, cold temperatures, and an overcharged battery.

Let’s take a look at why do battery leak in brief:

  • Old Car Battery

The average battery life span is between four and six years. When a car battery is used for a long time, it consumes all of the chemicals in the battery. The battery is deteriorating, and it can no longer give sufficient power to the vehicle. As a result, automotive upkeep is essential. You should inspect or check the car battery wherever you maintain the vehicle.

  • Overcharged The Car Battery

Another reason why do batteries leak is that you overcharged them. As you may be aware, when your car’s alternator becomes overcharged, it sends an extra charge to the battery, causing your car to become overcharged. When a car battery is overcharged, it can rupture at any time.

Use a smart battery charger to avoid overcharging a car battery since smart chargers identify when your car battery is full and immediately cease giving charge to your car battery.

  • Cold Weather

Extremely cold temperatures might cause your automobile battery to leak acid. Whether the weather is extremely cold or extremely hot, neither is good for car batteries.

Extreme cold can cause the car battery acid to freeze, preventing the battery body from expanding. And eventually, this leads to battery leakage. You can keep your automobile in a heated garage or remove the battery and store it indoors to keep it safe from leaking acid.

  • Cracks

If your automobile battery has fractured, it’s evident that it’s leaking. All of the chemicals in the battery used to be contained in the automobile battery container.

  • Overfill

In any scenario, it is vital to charge the battery. If you add too much water to your automobile batteries before charging them, the electrolyte level may rise, damaging the battery and causing it to leak. Whether you have a new or old car battery, you should examine it first before filling it.

Wrapping Up

Battery leaks are a typical occurrence among car owners. A leak from your car’s battery (or, any battery pack) is always a reason for concern. You will be able to avoid your car battery from leaking and save a lot of money if you understand why do battery leaks. So, as a car owner, along with knowing different car wheel parts, it is also important to be aware of battery leaks.

car battery leaking

How To Solve Car Battery Leaking

What does a Car Battery do?

Before learning how to solve car battery leaking problems, one should understand what a car battery does. Being a car owner, it is of paramount importance that one understands how each component of one’s vehicle contributes to the overall functioning of the vehicle.

The car battery is an exceptionally important component in the car. Not only does it aid in the initial spurt of life when one turns the key in the ignition, but it is also the most important source of power for car lights, stereos, air conditioning, and so many other functions.

A car battery is often neglected by the car owner even while they ensure proper maintenance activities are carried out for the other parts of the vehicle. What many car owners don’t understand is that a weak battery often hampers the performance of the other car accessories.

It’s only when the car battery leaking issues lead to larger problems that the car owners wake up to the elephant in the room. Though the life of a car battery is for approximately four years, car battery leaking doesn’t aid in the longevity of the battery. The life span of the battery is reduced drastically due to the oversight over identifying a car battery leaking issue and nipping it in the bud.

The car signals the owner or the driver occasionally about a failing battery. There are tell-tale signs of a battery needing replacement. But before one runs to replace one’s car battery, the real reason for the issue needs to be identified and many times it is due to the car battery leaking.

signs that Car Battery needs replacement

What are the signs that Car Battery needs replacement?

Now that we understand the overall importance of the car battery, we need to understand when does a car battery needs replacement. As pointed out earlier a car battery usually works for three to four years without a lot of complaints. That is provided there are no major problems plaguing the battery like maybe a car battery leaking issue.

Owners can quickly take cues from the following signs that maybe there are some nagging problems with the car battery. Upon successful diagnosis, one can take suitable steps towards solving the car battery issues.

On most occasions, a cry for help from the car battery arrives in the form of one or the other problem as listed below:

  • You notice that the car headlights are often dimming. This means car batteries are unable to discharge enough power to power the headlights.
  • The vehicle refuses to start on turning the key in the ignition and most occasions require one to jump start the car.
  • You have to keep using the method in which the gas pedal needs to be kept pressed when starting the car.
  • Your car backfires regularly

Checking the car battery for the following signs might help you make an informed decision:

  • There are liquid bubbles occasionally seeping out through the battery terminals
  • The battery looks shapeless – especially swollen and bulging.
  • You can observe some sort of corrosion around the terminal caps
  • There is a foul smell coming out of the battery.
  • You observe a common phenomenon of condensation of acid drops all across the battery. It would look as if the battery is sweating.

Why do batteries leak?

batteries leak

Many car owners have perennially asked the question – “Why do batteries leak?” Car battery leaking issues occur mostly due to the age of the car or when the battery is often overcharged or because of the cold weather conditions.

When one talks about car battery leaking, it is the acid that comes out from the cell cap area or that which gives rise to the crack in the battery casing. One will also identify fluid leaks from various cracks in the battery. This leaking fluid is Sulfuric acid which is extremely corrosive in nature.

Sulfuric acid leaks happen in car batteries it is usually due to either the car battery being overused or overcharged. If the car battery has been in use for a long period of time, over and above the average period of use then car battery leaking cases have more chances of occurring.

The second reason why car battery leaking occurs is due to inadvertent over-charging of batteries. When the batteries are over-charged, the electrolytes inside reach boiling point and cause the acid to come out through the vent caps.

Since sulfuric acid is extremely corrosive, it reacts with the metal components in the battery and aggravates the situation. The terminals of the battery then are ruined. Though less reported there are other issues that might crop up. Even with the lead-acid batteries, overfilling of the chambers can result in solution overflowing and leaking out thus leading to the same situation. Another situation is where the over-charging leads to overheating of the battery plates, which then expand.

Car battery leaking has even resulted in the batteries bursting which might lead to serious accidents. Hence it helps to occasionally check the car batteries for leakages.

Experts studying why do batteries leak have come across other reasons too for the same. Incorrectly storing the battery can also lead to car battery leaking. It is often advised that car batteries that are being stored need to be fully charged and placed in a cool place. Car batteries kept in unventilated warm spots have been known to inflate, swell and overheat. The swollen batteries then crack and that can lead to the car battery leaking.

How to solve car battery leaking?

solve car battery leaking

Well, the right answer to this question is not to delay any action once you are clear that there is a definite car battery leaking issue in your vehicle. Battery leaks can be hazardous to both the vehicle and the passengers that often take a ride in the car.

The keyword here is prompt action even if you presume that the battery still has some amount of life and function left in it. The appropriate step to be taken is to immediately visit a certified mechanic who understands the use of high-quality replacement components as well as provides products that offer a substantial warranty.

Now in case, the mechanic says that it is only a minor issue say slightly corroded car battery terminals or a small issue of a narrow or negligible crack in the battery case and doesn’t need any major replacement, after verifying this maybe with a second opinion you can undertake the following steps to solve the car battery leaking issue:

  • Unhook the battery from both negative and positive terminals in that order to avoid an electric shock and do a check on the extent of corrosion and damage.
  • It would help to have a trained hand nearby to do the rest of the steps.
  • Keep all the necessary items that will help you solve this issue such as rubber gloves, goggles, baking soda, cleaning cloth, adequate amounts of water, sandpaper, sealant, a plastic pail or bin, wire brush, etc.
  • Once you have unhooked the battery or in case it is the battery case where it has to be uncapped, you can remove the electrolyte and store it in the bin. Be careful with the electrolyte as it contains sulfuric acid. Make sure the bin is coated with baking soda which will null the effect of the sulfuric acid
  • Apply some baking soda to the corroded terminals and pour some water over it. You will see a reaction taking place as the mixture bubbles and froths. If you are not comfortable with using baking soda, you may use a cleaning agent.
  • The next step is to remove the corroded particles by scrubbing them with a wire brush nicely and thoroughly.
  • In case the battery surface has cracked you might want to first clean the area with a dry cleaning cloth before applying the sealant to all the cracks. Wait till the surface dries.
  • Once you have completed the cleaning task wait for it to dry
  • The electrolytes that you took out might need replacement.
  • You would also be corking the battery caps and tightly securing them.
  • Once you are sure you have wiped clean the whole area and everything is dry, you need to charge the battery for a period of more than a day.

Now let’s look at the other scenario. In case the car battery leaking issue is serious, then avoid any sort of damage control and immediately replace the battery with a new one.

Disposal of the damaged car battery is also important. One shouldn’t throw away the old car battery in the trash as it might cause acid leaks and can cause lead poisoning as well as other environmental damage.

In conclusion

One might want to avoid prolonging any usage of a damaged car battery and driving the vehicle while a leaking car battery is connected. Car battery leaking issues should never be overlooked and immediate corrective action needs to be taken by the owner as mentioned above in case of appearance of any of the signs.

Brake Pad Replacement Cost

Brake Pad Replacement Cost – What To Expect

What brake pad replacement cost you should expect depends on multiple factors. Experiencing weird sounds or spongy feelings from brakes that take a lot of time to lower the speed indicates that your car needs a brake pad replacement.

Since the braking system is the most critical part of any vehicle, which often wears down if not maintained, it is imperative to make quick decisions on time to prevent any mishaps.

Thus, this guide is for you if you are dealing with similar issues. In this article, you will learn about brake pad replacement cost, how many brake pads does a car have, how long do brake pads last, how to check brake pads, and what are the signs of worn car brake pads. Thus, keep reading till the end and be informed about your car.

Before we go over the brake pad replacement cost, let’s understand what a brake pad is and its role in a vehicle.

What Is A Brake Pad?

What Is A Brake Pad

The brake pad is a crucial component of your car and plays a vital role in lowering the speed once you push the brakes. Brakes are built with a uniform piece of steel. This piece contains a comprehensive friction material on one side. The brake pads connect with the brake disc once you push the brake pedals, which results in causing friction and helping the wheels stop further movement.

Moreover, these wheels move pretty fast and making your car stop suddenly, or even frequent use of brakes causes a lot of stress on the brake pads.

How Much Does Brake Pad Replacement Cost?

Brake pad replacement cost varies among different vehicles and on the front and rear of the braking system. Various cars are installed with varying measurements of the brake calipers at the front and rear, where larger brakes are fitted at the front. Additionally, you may only need to replace either one or, in some cases, both brake pads.

Furthermore, brake pad replacement cost depends on the cost of the parts and labor per hour. Here, the cost of the parts varies from vehicle to vehicle, and labor rates depend on your location.

If you are experiencing a squealing or grinding noise when you push the brakes, then it is the right time to have them replaced—generally, brake pad replacement costs range from $150 to $400 per axle. However, the brake pad replacement cost varies depending on the type of car and the braking system on your car.

Factors Impacting The Brake Pad Replacement Cost

Here Are Some Other Factors That Significantly Affect The Brake Pad Replacement Cost.

Make Of The Vehicle

The make of the car also dramatically affects the replacement cost of brakes. For example, you must expect higher replacement costs for an SUV compared to a small-sized vehicle. Usually, the replacement cost for big cars like BMWs ranges from around $150 per axle, whereas it ranges from around $50 to $80 per axle for compact cars.

The Model Of The Vehicle

The model of your vehicle influences the brake pad replacement cost. If you own a high-performance vehicle, brake pads will be expensive. Generally, high-performance brake pads can cost up to $600 per axle.

How Many Brake Pads Does A Car have?

How Many Brake Pads Does A Car have

Generally, most standard car models have brake pads on each wheel, front and rear. But, many cars also possess two brake pads for a single wheel, which makes a total of eight brake pads. The calipers of the vehicle have four pads, whereas there are also cars with two calipers. Anyhow, the answer to how many brake pads does a car have depends on the type of vehicle, and making a generalized decision would be incorrect because there are many car models that differ from each other in how many brake pads are required.

What Are The Signs Of Worn Car Brake Pads?

Every time you push your car’s brake pedals, a small quantity of the friction material decreases from the brake pads. This friction material becomes fine with consistent use, especially if you commute daily and brakes are used frequently. Hence, if the brake pads are not replaced on time, the friction material will wear off, ultimately revealing the steel parts that grip the material. Thus, when these steel parts get in contact with the disc, it results in damaged discs and long braking distances. Hence, look for these signs to know about worn car brake pads.

Screeching Noises

Cars with brake pads have indicators to help the driver get aware of the screeching, squealing, or whining sounds while using the brakes. This noise occurs because of the small metal fitting on the brake pad backing panel. On the other hand, wear indicators also work on the same basis. Thus, once you start hearing these noises frequently while pushing the brakes, it is time to take your car for a brake replacement.

Apart from this, you may hear these noises when brakes get exposed to damp conditions such as rain. In this case, brakes may produce a similar screeching sound. However, if the noise vanishes after the initial few uses of the brakes, it indicates that the noise most probably happened due to the moisture content and not the brake failure.

Small Size Friction Material

You can check your car’s brake pads visibly on the disc brakes. However, it may need you to take out the wheels. Once the wheels are out, inspect the brake caliper that holds the brake. Your brake pads must be visible here that are pressed against the brake rotor. If the friction material is less than a quarter-inch, get your brake pads checked, most importantly if they have not been inspected for a long time.

Deep Metallic Grinding Noise

If your brake pads start making deep noises similar to metallic grinding or growling, it may be a serious indicator that the brake pads are worn off, and the backing plates are getting in touch with the discs. This metal-to-metal contact can result in severe damage to the car’s braking system. Hence, it is essential to visit the mechanic shop as early as possible to prevent unwanted situations.

Spongy Feel

While pushing brakes, if it feels squishy or hard, similar to a sponge, it may refer to worn car brake pads. However, you can still make use of the brakes, but it will require quite a lot of pressure to apply the brakes. Further, spongy brake pads also refer to brake fluid leakage or faulty brake cylinders.

Slower Brakes

Extremely worn-out brake pads will not apply the required amount of friction to the rotors to lower the car’s speed. This might result in accidents if your brakes take longer to respond every time you push the brake pedal.

Indicator Lights

Many cars have an indicator light on their dashboard that lights up when it is time to replace the brake pads. For this, check the vehicle’s user guide to verify whether it comes with a low pad warning system.

Car Pulls To One Side

While driving, you might experience your car tilting to one side because the braking system is faulty. Thus, if you find that the brake shoe is spoiled with fluid or grease, or even if your vehicle has a dripping cylinder, the brake pads will need to be changed.

How Long Do Brake Pads Last?

How Long Do Brake Pads Last

There is no particular answer to the query of how long do brake pads last. Most car manufacturers evaluate the longevity of braking systems with ranges from around 20 thousand to 70 thousand miles. However, it may raise concerns about why some brake pads last longer than others. Well, this depends on multiple factors.

Components That Affect The Longevity Of Your Brake Pads

Some of the most common factors that affect the lifespan of brake pads are listed below.

Driving Practices

Suppose you are used to driving at high speeds and suddenly pushing the brake pedals to exert a lot of pressure on the brakes. This happens because your car requires great power to stop, resulting in worn-out brake pads. Consequently, driving at low speeds will not require you to put massive force into getting the car to stop. Hence, this practice will result in a good lifespan for the brake pads.

Type Of Brake Pads

The type of brake pads is of great importance when considering how long pads will last. Brake pads come in three different types, varying in the type of material used. Your vehicle might be using an organic brake pad, a ceramic brake pad, or a semi-metallic brake pad.

  • Organic brake pads are assembled with fiber, rubber, glass, kevlar, and carbon blended with resins. However, this brake type has the lowest lifespan and is easily worn off.
  • Metallic brake pads are made with suitable quality materials to extend durability and improve braking response. This type of braking pad can last up to 50 thousand miles.
  • The ceramic brake pad type is usually installed in luxury cars. They are smooth and make for a comfortable braking experience. They have a lifespan of around 70 thousand miles.

Driving Environment

Even though it is not noticeable, the driving environment plays a vital role in the longevity of brake pads. For example, if you live in a hilly region, every climb and drop on these roads will require you to put more pressure on the brakes than on flat surfaces.

State Of Brake Rotors And Calipers

Brake pads work in line with other brake parts such as calipers and rotors. Thus, if either one of these is not in good condition, it might affect the working capacity of the brakes. Rigid brake calipers or distorted rotors can cause brake pads to fail quite earlier than normal. However, even with the scenario, brakes will still work.

Additionally, if there is a burning kind of smell coming from the wheels, it may be due to a stuck brake caliper. On the other hand, if there is a jittery feeling or ineffective brakes, it is a sign that the braking system will soon collapse.

How To Check Brake Pads

How To Check Brake Pads

Although it is recommended to get your car checked by a professional, you can still do the inspection yourself in needy situations. Follow the given steps listed below on how to check brake pads.

Tools Required

  • Torch
  • Vehicle Jack
  • Outside Micrometer
  • Car Stands

Instructions To Follow

Inspect For Any Noise

As discussed earlier, inspect the brake pads for any considerable noise. For this, test your vehicle’s braking system for any squeaking, whining, or metal screeching sounds.

Check Brake Pads

Inspect the brake pads via observing through wheels and ensure they are not less than a quarter inch. Besides, if your car has a wear indicator, it will be visible as a slot in the center of the pads. Moreover, if the slot vanishes, it’s time for a replacement.

Look Over The Wheels

Observe the wheels and check for a significant amount of brake dust present. Less dust will indicate that brake pads need a replacement.

Check Steering Wheel

Examine the steering wheel and brake pedal. If they are shaking, it is an indication of worn-out brake pads.

Examine Brake Caliper

Look over the brake caliper and ensure it is mounted perfectly.

Verify Brake Pad Lining

Inspect the brake pad lining by verifying the thickness of the backing plate. If the width of the backing plate and brake lining surface is the same, brake pads need replacement.

Be Vary Of The Rotor

Scan through the rotor for any scoring, rust, or uneven wear. For this step, check the rotor specifications manual and estimate its thickness with the help of an outside micrometer. If the reading does not match the manual, get your car checked by an expert.

The article explores many factors that affect the brake pad replacement cost and, if you were to replace your brakes, how much would brake pad replacement cost you?

Many factors affect the brake pad replacement cost and its efficiency. However, a few factors are in your control, such as driving habits that increase the lifespan of brake pads. Thus, remember to regularly inspect brake pads and invest in good quality pads to avoid huge brake pad replacement costs later.

Car Maintenance Checklist

Car Maintenance Checklist – Stuff To Remember

For any car owner out there, it is pretty common to want to keep their car in working order for as long as possible. Typically, just making sure you keep up with your scheduled car maintenance would be enough. If you want to save a few bucks and learn a few things while doing it, then making a car maintenance checklist will go a long way.

The car maintenance checklist contains several more common and more frequent things you need to check on your car, helping to increase the vehicle’s longevity while also keeping the cost to a minimum.

Naturally, this isn’t exactly a replacement for professional checkups, but a car maintenance checklist should get you at least one step closer to saving some time and money down the line by reducing the number of mechanic visits.

How Important Is A Car Maintenance Checklist?

How Important is a Car Maintenance checklist

Well, what is a car maintenance checklist?

A car maintenance checklist is a reminder of when you should check certain parts. The vehicle components that make it onto the car maintenance checklist are the ones vulnerable to wear and tear and other issues.

A great place to start if you have absolutely no knowledge is to consult the user manual of the car, as typically there is a short guide on what the manufacturer thinks you should schedule for maintenance. And these guides usually come with a recommendation for their own service centers.

Regular service centers are the best way to increase your vehicle’s longevity. However, it can be very expensive. If you don’t mind paying for it, then this is the best option as the service centers replace buggy components with brand new ones, helping eliminate the underlying problem.

A secret we let our readers in on every time is that you can reduce the number of visits to an auto technician’s shop by simply maintaining your vehicle. To do that, you would need to put some effort into making a car maintenance checklist of your own. Maintaining a car yourself is easily the most optimal choice for budget-conscious vehicle owners.

But keep in mind that no matter who is maintaining your car, whether it is a service center or you, a car maintenance checklist will get you on top of the vehicle’s issues. A checklist will not eliminate the need for replacing new parts or repairing old ones; it is just a preventive measure to keep your vehicle in optimum condition at all times to avoid breakdowns.

It doesn’t make your car completely free from wear and tear over the years. At some point, all vehicles reach that part of their life where the maintenance would cost more than a new car when added up.

Common Things To Check In Your Vehicle

Common things to check in your vehicle

There are some components in the car that require regular maintenance, and many of us often forget about these as we are so consumed with our own lives. A car maintenance checklist should contain the following items to ensure that the vehicle is running at peak performance:

Oil And Coolant

Every few months, or before any long trips, you’ll want to make sure that the oil and coolant levels are good. These are both for the engine to run cool and smoothly. If left unchecked, you may face several issues while driving, from transmission slips to engine overheating and more.

Changing oil and coolant is also a DIY task. There are a lot of videos that you can watch to help you change the oil and coolant in your car. You can even refer to the car’s owner’s manual for guidance.

Air Filter

This is the part that keeps contaminants away from your engine as it draws in more air to keep it cool. Keeping an eye on the air filter will help improve fuel efficiency and decrease emissions from your vehicle.

Again, as this is a common check, you can rely on the user manual to guide you through changing an air filter at home.

Tire Pressure And Tread Depth

This should probably be at the top of the short-term items on your car maintenance checklist. Maintaining good tires can prevent the worst things from happening on the road.

Every month or so, check the air pressure in the tires with a tire pressure gauge. Also, keep in mind that for every 10 degrees colder it is, the tire drops one pound in pressure. Using the penny method, you can try checking the tread depth now and then.

You may also want to check the front and rear tires separately, as depending on the road conditions, the wear and tear might be uneven. Besides avoiding accidents, keeping tires well-maintained also improves fuel efficiency since there is less friction between the road and the tire.

The Lights

Yes, we mean all of them, the headlights, turn signals, brake, and parking lights. To check these, you just have to start your car and flick the lights on, then give it a quick check. It’s also very simple to replace these lights, although depending on your vehicle, they may have special lights that won’t allow more common bulbs to fit in.

Checking the lights should be right beside the tires on your car maintenance checklist, as they can be just as big of a factor in a car crash as the tires.

Oil And Filters

Now for the motor oil, which pretty much is required for all the parts in the engine to work well, as not only does it cool, but it also lubricates, cleans, and prevents corrosion in the engine. Keeping the oil topped up and clean is vital.

You also need to find out what kind of oil will best suit your vehicle. For this, you may want to consult the manufacturer or a professional. As a general rule of thumb, every 3 months or 3000 miles, you’ll want to change the oil and oil filter. If you want to save a bit of money, you can see in the manual the recommended time between changing the oil and sticking generally around that.

Wax Your Car

Finally, cleaning the outside of your car is also important. A quick wash can be done pretty often, just depending on how dirty it is. But about every six months, you should wax your car.

This not only makes it look nicer but also helps with the longevity of the paint, which will in turn prevent rusting. If rust begins to form and it’s not dealt with, it can lead to further complications down the line.

Things To Look Out For The Long Term

Things to look out for in the long term

These items on the car maintenance checklist don’t need to be changed out as frequently, but they must still be kept for your car to last a long time.

Transmission Fluid

Similar to the oil in the engine, the transmission fluid helps keep your transmission’s parts in working order. Forgetting to change this out won’t cause a devastating accident, rather it will slowly start to damage the transmission.

You’ll start to notice symptoms of a failing transmission, such as gear slippage, being unable to start, and more. The more you delay changing the transmission fluid, the greater the damage. Not focusing on transmission fluid can damage the entire transmission, resulting in thousands of dollars in replacement costs.

So, to avoid an unnecessary cost, keep the transmission fluid topped up.

Check The Shocks And Struts

This part should be checked by a professional unless you’re confident in your DIY abilities. The shock and strut are what takes the brunt of passing over bumps and are essential in the auto-steering system of a vehicle.

These should be checked every 50,000 miles or so. If left unchecked, you’ll notice a lack of responsiveness when steering as well as a tougher car to handle.

Transfer Case Fluid

This is for all-wheel-drive vehicles, as the transfer case is what shifts the power from the transmission to the axles.

You have to follow the specifications given by the manufacturer in this case, and if you’re checking yourself, you’ll need the tools to get under the car. If you do not have these, then you should probably just let a professional deal with this.

Coolant Fluid Exchange

This is a part of the radiator that is a vital component in keeping your engine cool. This is where you flush out the coolant, as keeping the fluid clean is necessary for smooth functioning and to avoid any sort of buildup.

While you’re here, you can also clean out any buildup that might’ve happened while also checking the rest of the radiator. To know how often to change this, refer to the manufacturer’s specs.

Spark Plugs

This is what ignites the engine and is responsible for mixing air and gas to help the vehicle start. If the spark plugs aren’t working right, then the engine may lose power and, in turn, performance.

Again, taking it to a professional is recommended unless you want to go tinkering around in there until you can get it right. This part is less likely to go bad, so you have to base it on the feeling of the drive. If it’s gotten slower or harder to reach the usual speeds, you might want to check the spark plugs.

Serpentine Belt

The serpentine belt is what gives life to most of the peripheral devices in your car. Things like the alternator, power steering pump, and air conditioner compressor. It may seem like just a piece of rubber, but it does contribute greatly to driving comfortably.

When checking on the serpentine belt, you sort of just have to look at it to see if the wear is too great or if tearing has started. If you spot any wear and tear on the belt, it is best to replace it with the manufacturer’s recommended replacement.

Front And Rear Differential

These are what split the torque of the engine over to the tires which is what allows them to spin. In simpler words, it makes engine energy useful. For vehicles with two-wheel-drive, there is only one differential. For four-wheel-drive vehicles, you’ll have to check the front and rear differentials.

You may need to take your car to the mechanic for it as it will require a few tools to get to the parts you need. However, if you have tools at home, you can embark on this DIY project and start to lubricate the parts sufficiently.

Things To Remember For Hybrid Car Maintenance

Things to remember for hybrid car maintenance

Alright, now you have your car maintenance checklist, but uh oh, you drive a hybrid!

Hybrid car maintenance can differ from regular car maintenance in some ways, so you may have to rearrange the car maintenance checklist a little. Hybrid car maintenance, for the most part, is still the same.

When it comes to hybrid car maintenance, you still have to do all of the above. There will be several parts that last longer on a hybrid car, so check the user manual as the time between checking or miles driven can vary from car to car.

Since hybrids use less gas, the wear and tear on the engine and brakes are considerably lower, which means you won’t have to check up on them too often, unlike with a petrol or diesel car.

Changing the coolant can be more labor-intensive depending on the model. With a hybrid car, you also have to be more mindful of the battery. Of all the things in hybrid car maintenance, you should probably let a professional deal with any problems with the battery, as that can get really ugly, real quick.

The hybrid car is known for its low daily costs as compared to traditional vehicles, but the trade-off is the price. Hybrid cars are much more expensive, and the battery is an issue that few car owners want to concern themselves with.

Is Your Car Too Far Gone?

The easiest way to tell if your car is a lost cause is when, even after maintenance, it just doesn’t run as well as it used to.

If it still runs well, then maybe the parts are wearing out faster and it’s getting more and more expensive to maintain the car regularly. Or maybe the parts the car uses are out of date and buying new ones comes with a significantly higher cost. At this point, it’s a sign that you should either move on from your car or at least accept that it probably can’t be your daily driver anymore if you want to keep it.

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