car engine parts

Most Important Car Engine Parts

A magnificent marvel of engineering may be found behind your engine cover as you start to examine all the car engine parts. Have you ever wondered what their purposes are?

Your engine, like people, requires energy to move. In actuality, the engine’s primary function is to use a spark to convert energy to run the car engine from the fuel into power to move. To generate movement, this internal combustion generates tiny, confined explosions.

While most of us conceive of something like an engine as a single unit, it is essentially made up of multiple different components that function in combination. Some of these engine parts’ names may be familiar to you, but it’s crucial to understand what they do and how they interact with other components inside the engine.

In this article, we will explore the most important car engine parts, loud car engine noises, mid engine cars, how long can a car engine run, and how does a car engine works.

Let’s get started!

10 Important Car Engine Parts

Some of the interesting car engine parts are discussed below:

Engine Block

Engine Block

The engine block is the foundation of all engine parts. The engine block serves as a container for the crankshaft, pistons, and, on occasion, the camshaft. The engine block not only holds goods but also has a variety of machined sides.

Cylinders are the openings inside the engine block, which seems to be a machine. An engine typically has 4 to 16 cylinders, depending on size. The block can be built in a variety of ways.

Piston Or Torak

Pistons play a vital role in car engine parts.

It is a cylindrical-shaped piece of metal that is located within the cylinder. During a crankshaft rotation, it fluctuates in the cylinder twice. For instance, if an engine rotates at 3000 RPM, pistons traverse 5000 RPMs down and up.

By the attachment of rod and piston rod, pistons transmit the energy released by the combustion in the crankshaft. The energy delivered either by pistons is what propels the vehicles.

The pistons are equipped with rings known as “piston rings,” which ensure good sealing. Modern automotive pistons are coated with a special substance that helps to decrease friction, leading to better and more extensive performance of pistons.

Piston Rings

Piston Rings

It is the latest advancement in car engine parts.

Piston rings offer to seal the cylinder’s inner and outer edges. The piston ring serves two basic functions:

  • They keep the combustion chamber’s emissions and air/fuel mixture from entering the bottom tank while combustion and compression.
  • They prevent the oil in the sump tank from reaching the main chamber and being burnt and lost.

Most vehicles with old rings that can no longer be used must add a quarter of the oil every 1000 miles to replenish the oil that has been burned. Modern automobiles employ sophisticated materials in their piston rings.

It is one of the reasons current vehicles’ engines function longer and can go farther amid oil changes. Then you’ll see that if you make an error with this type of little item, it will harm the entire system.

Crankshaft

The crankshaft moves in the lower half of the engine block, riding on the journals. It is a finely calibrated and machined component that connects the pistons through a connecting rod. The crankshaft is in charge of turning the upward and downward direction of the piston into reciprocal or rotational motion. Furthermore, this component spins at the same rate as the engine.

Camshaft

Depending on the engine construction, the camshaft might be on the cylinder heads or even the block. If it is positioned in the engine block, it is also known as the cam in the block engine. In contrast, the camshaft in most modern automobile engines is located toward the cylinder head.

The latest car engines can be categorized as single overhead camshaft (SOHC) or double overhead camshaft (DOHC).

The camshaft’s primary function is to convert the engine’s rotating or reciprocal motion into up-and-down movement.

These transformed movements will govern the movement of the lifter that will operate the rocker, valves, and pushrods. Furthermore, the camshaft is supported by a slew of oil-lubricated bearings to enhance the engine’s longevity.

Cylinder Head

The above-mentioned car engine parts are known as car engine lifters. A cylinder head seems to be more precise. Depending on the design, the cylinder head may have pushrods, valves, lifters, valve springs, rockers, and perhaps even camshafts.

It regulates the intake airflow within the cylinders during the input stroke operation. It also permits exhaust gasses to travel to the exhaust system during the emission stroke procedure.

Cylinder head screws keep the cylinder head in place in the engine. The head gasket, however, seals the space between the bolts and the cylinder head. Most engine troubles are caused by these gaskets.

Spark Plug

Spark Plug

It is also included in car engine parts. The spark plug produces the necessary spark to ignite the combination of fuel and air, enabling combustion to occur. The spark must occur at the appropriate time for everything to function properly and without failure.

Sump

The sump is located at the bottom of the engine that surrounds the crankshaft. It has some oil in it that is stored in a pan. Despite being in the lowest place in your automobile, don’t presume that this part is less crucial than others.

Valves

The intake and exhaust valves open at the appropriate times to allow fuel and air to flow into the cylinder and exhaust gasses to exit through the exhaust chamber. Keep in mind that the twin valves are shut during the compression and combustion processes to maintain adequate combustion chamber sealing.

Connecting Rod

The connecting rod is the link between the piston and the crankshaft. It may spin at both ends to modify its angle as the crankshaft spins and the piston goes up and down.

We’ve gone over the important car engine parts. Now let’s explore some of the most common engine noises and how to prevent them.

Loud Car Engine Noises You Should Never Ignore

Car Engine Noises

Loud car engine noises can be annoying and can be a sign of great danger too. These are some really loud car engine noises that you should not ignore.

Squealing

Has there ever been a moment when squealing is appropriate outside of the automobile industry? If you notice a squeal originating from beneath the hood, you should be concerned. This irritating sound is usually caused by a faulty or even loose belt made of serpentine.

Tapping/Clicking

When the oil in the engine becomes low, it creates a specific sound. It sounds like a clicking, ticking, or tapping noise. Fortunately, this is one of the simplest conditions to identify; simply glance at the dipstick.

You may also simply deal with the problem by adding extra oil. However, applying oil is just a temporary solution.

Knocking

While driving, the engine might produce a noticeable pinging or metallic banging sound. This is referred to as a “detonation knock.” This happens whenever the air/fuel combination inside any of the cylinders detonates in many areas at the same time. This problem might be caused by using the incorrect octane of gasoline in the system.

What Are Mid Engine Cars?

mid engine

Mid engine cars are a sort of automobile powertrain arrangement. Although the phrase “mid-engine” can refer to any location in the automobile where the engine’s center of gravity is at both the rear and front axles, it is most commonly utilized in sports cars and race cars when the engine is located behind the passenger compartment. Mid Engine Cars have many benefits, some of which include:

  1. It has increased stability.
  2. It is superior in handling.
  3. It’s a comfortable ride.
  4. It has improved traction.
  5. The mid-engine structure enables a buttery, smooth, and pleasant ride.

A significantly smoother ride is attainable with the mid engine arrangement. Because the load of the automobile is distributed evenly, the chassis is more efficient at absorbing road bumps and roughness.

FAQ: Car Engine

How Does A Car Engine Work?

Here is some brief information on “how does a car engine work?”.

  1. The gasses push the pistons and move them.
  2. The piston then rotates the car’s crankshaft.
  3. With the help of gears, the motion starts to move the wheels.

How Long Does A Car Engine Work?

Now that you are aware of car engine parts, how long does a car engine work? This is another basic concern of people. It is difficult, almost impossible to figure out “how long does a car engine work?” as it depends on a variety of factors.

The longevity of a car engine, for example, is determined by the metal it is made of; most car engines are made of iron and aluminum. However, the approximate average lifespan of a car engine is about eight years, or we may say 150,000 miles.

How Long Can A Car Engine Run?

Here is to answer the major concern of people who tinker with their minds: how long can a car engine run? Most vehicles only have enough gasoline for 500 kilometers or about 7-8 hours. An engine can operate as long as there is petrol in the tank.

We’ve gone over some important engine parts. Although each one of these parts has a unique purpose, they are all interrelated. Maintaining all these car engine parts properly will guarantee that your engine runs at peak performance.

car wheel parts

Car Wheel Parts- Know Them All

Have you ever wondered what the various sorts of car wheel parts are and what they are used for? Cars have evolved into a variety of body types, forms, and shapes over time. Some automobile equipment has become outmoded and has been phased out or replaced by newer equivalents. But, since its invention, the car wheel has been in use.

The invention of the wheel marks the beginning of the transportation age. The wheel revolutionized transportation. These spherical constructions generate rotating motion and carry the vehicle from one spot to another. It begins to be utilized in a variety of settings. Therefore, for any automobile, wheels are essential.

The car wheel creation dates back to 3500 BC. These spherical blocks come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and styles from the beginning. Despite this, their function has remained unchanged.

Various components of the car wheel parts serve various functions to ensure that it functions properly. If you’re a car enthusiast, you should be familiar with the various car wheel parts and their roles. Some car wheel parts have caused confusion and worry. So, let’s break down the car wheel parts and explain their functions, structure, and adaptations in the sections below.

What Is Car Wheel

What Is Car Wheel

Wheels are the fundamental round blocks that revolve to allow the car to drive. They are positioned vertically beneath the vehicle, permitting not only transportation but also the support of vehicles and heavy cargoes.

Car Wheel Parts And Functions

The car wheel parts are made up of various elements, each with its function, but not everyone who drives a car is familiar with them all. To help you understand more about vehicles, trucks, and how they function, we’ll look at the basic components of a vehicle’s wheel and tire. Knowing mostly about your vehicle can enable you to take care of it so that it can continue to function for a long period.

  • The Tire

The tire is the car wheel parts that make contact with the ground. This is a simple and uncomplicated solution. We’re all aware of the tire’s location and appearance. The smoothness of the ride is mostly determined by the car’s tires. It’s the initial stuff you find out when you look at a car wheel because it’s the outermost piece. The ring-shaped outer covering is known as the tire.

The majority of car tires are pneumatic, meaning that pressurized air is used to inflate them. Charcoal black, rubber (synthetic or natural), and a few chemical compounds are used to make them. Tires are available in a variety of sizes to fit a variety of vehicles. It is important to have the proper tire type on your car for safety reasons. Tires retain the road when it’s wet, slick, or snowy, and they help with handling inclement weather.

  • The Rim

The Rim

The cylinder that contains the tire is known as the rim. The car wheel parts rim is the foundation of the wheel assembly. The tire wraps around the rim to provide stability while yet allowing air into the tire. Rims are commonly composed of aluminum or steel and are available in a variety of styles. To catch the eye, plastic hubcaps or polished chrome hubcaps are offered. The size of the car tire is determined by the rim’s width and diameter.

The rim’s barrel serves as a mounting platform for the tire. The drop-off point is the barrel’s inside diameter, which defines the mount wheel type. The drop center for front-mounted wheels is near the wheel’s front face. Drop-off points are located on the back face of rear-mount wheels.

  • The Hub

The hub is a car wheel parts that connects the wheel to the vehicle. The hub is the middle part of the wheel. There is a central bore in it. This bore is used to attach the wheel to the axle. When the operator pushes the brake, the brake pads rest on the wheel hub, guaranteeing that the car brakes.

The middle bore is covered by a detachable middle cap on the wheel’s outer edge. A wheel disc, which is either removable or permanently attached to the rim, connects the hub and rim. For extra attractiveness, most wheels now have spokes with a unique design.

Be sure the center bore of an aftermarket automobile wheel is the same size as the OEM or OE wheel when purchasing one. It will set you back extra to use wheels with a larger central bore because hub-centric rings will be required to bridge the gap.

On spoked vehicle wheels, the center disc is situated immediately outside of the middle cap. The wheel offset is determined by this disc’s thickness about the centerline.

On the middle disc, bolt circles are typically created by drilling lug holes. The holes in which the lug nuts are secured are known as lug holes. Bolt circles are formed by the lug holes and have a diameter known as the bolt circle diameter (BCD).

  • Valve System

The valve system on car wheel parts is a component that aids in tire pressure management. The valve system in car tires inflates or deflates them. To let the driver know the pressure state at all times, car wheels include a valve mechanism linked with the tire pressure monitoring system.

  • Wheel Bearings

Wheel Bearings

The revolving wheels and the stationary vehicle are connected by car wheel parts known as wheel bearings, which form a low-friction connection. Antifriction bearings are used on all wheels. Inner race, rolling element, and outer race are the three essential sections of an antifriction bearing.

When selecting a wheel bearing, the type of load, maximum bearing speed, location on the vehicle where the bearing will be used, and the vehicle’s intended use must all be carefully evaluated.

To give the longest service life with the least amount of weight and size, the overall bearing size, as well as the size of the rolling parts, should be determined.

  • Wheel Fasteners

The manner the rim is fastened to the flange of the hub or axle is an important consideration in the design of the wheels and tires. Wheel studs are found in the flange of the hub or axle of practically all automobiles and trucks. Threaded bolts or studs pressed into a hub or flange are the most typical wheel studs.

To keep the stud loose, a sharp region on the back of the stud is carved into the hub or axle metal. The stud’s head is similar to that of a bolt and is larger than the flange or hub hole. The stud can’t go all the way through a slit because of the head. A main part of the hub or flange is elevated slightly to keep the rim’s center in place and center the wheel properly.

Why Do Batteries Leak

Batteries

Do you know why do batteries leak? When an (alkaline) battery discharges its charge, the chemicals inside produce a gas. If this happens too often, the battery cell may burst. This is where there is a chance of leaking. The battery seal normally avoids this.

While a battery is left in a device for an extended period, especially when it is not in use, leakage occurs. Even if the device is turned off, it continues to ‘check’ for remaining power. This places a certain degree of strain on the battery, making it more vulnerable to leaking.

So, why does your car battery leak? The most common cause why do batteries leak is car battery age, cold temperatures, and an overcharged battery.

Let’s take a look at why do battery leak in brief:

  • Old Car Battery

The average battery life span is between four and six years. When a car battery is used for a long time, it consumes all of the chemicals in the battery. The battery is deteriorating, and it can no longer give sufficient power to the vehicle. As a result, automotive upkeep is essential. You should inspect or check the car battery wherever you maintain the vehicle.

  • Overcharged The Car Battery

Another reason why do batteries leak is that you overcharged them. As you may be aware, when your car’s alternator becomes overcharged, it sends an extra charge to the battery, causing your car to become overcharged. When a car battery is overcharged, it can rupture at any time.

Use a smart battery charger to avoid overcharging a car battery since smart chargers identify when your car battery is full and immediately cease giving charge to your car battery.

  • Cold Weather

Extremely cold temperatures might cause your automobile battery to leak acid. Whether the weather is extremely cold or extremely hot, neither is good for car batteries.

Extreme cold can cause the car battery acid to freeze, preventing the battery body from expanding. And eventually, this leads to battery leakage. You can keep your automobile in a heated garage or remove the battery and store it indoors to keep it safe from leaking acid.

  • Cracks

If your automobile battery has fractured, it’s evident that it’s leaking. All of the chemicals in the battery used to be contained in the automobile battery container.

  • Overfill

In any scenario, it is vital to charge the battery. If you add too much water to your automobile batteries before charging them, the electrolyte level may rise, damaging the battery and causing it to leak. Whether you have a new or old car battery, you should examine it first before filling it.

Wrapping Up

Battery leaks are a typical occurrence among car owners. A leak from your car’s battery (or, any battery pack) is always a reason for concern. You will be able to avoid your car battery from leaking and save a lot of money if you understand why do battery leaks. So, as a car owner, along with knowing different car wheel parts, it is also important to be aware of battery leaks.

car battery leaking

How To Solve Car Battery Leaking

What does a Car Battery do?

Before learning how to solve car battery leaking problems, one should understand what a car battery does. Being a car owner, it is of paramount importance that one understands how each component of one’s vehicle contributes to the overall functioning of the vehicle.

The car battery is an exceptionally important component in the car. Not only does it aid in the initial spurt of life when one turns the key in the ignition, but it is also the most important source of power for car lights, stereos, air conditioning, and so many other functions.

A car battery is often neglected by the car owner even while they ensure proper maintenance activities are carried out for the other parts of the vehicle. What many car owners don’t understand is that a weak battery often hampers the performance of the other car accessories.

It’s only when the car battery leaking issues lead to larger problems that the car owners wake up to the elephant in the room. Though the life of a car battery is for approximately four years, car battery leaking doesn’t aid in the longevity of the battery. The life span of the battery is reduced drastically due to the oversight over identifying a car battery leaking issue and nipping it in the bud.

The car signals the owner or the driver occasionally about a failing battery. There are tell-tale signs of a battery needing replacement. But before one runs to replace one’s car battery, the real reason for the issue needs to be identified and many times it is due to the car battery leaking.

signs that Car Battery needs replacement

What are the signs that Car Battery needs replacement?

Now that we understand the overall importance of the car battery, we need to understand when does a car battery needs replacement. As pointed out earlier a car battery usually works for three to four years without a lot of complaints. That is provided there are no major problems plaguing the battery like maybe a car battery leaking issue.

Owners can quickly take cues from the following signs that maybe there are some nagging problems with the car battery. Upon successful diagnosis, one can take suitable steps towards solving the car battery issues.

On most occasions, a cry for help from the car battery arrives in the form of one or the other problem as listed below:

  • You notice that the car headlights are often dimming. This means car batteries are unable to discharge enough power to power the headlights.
  • The vehicle refuses to start on turning the key in the ignition and most occasions require one to jump start the car.
  • You have to keep using the method in which the gas pedal needs to be kept pressed when starting the car.
  • Your car backfires regularly

Checking the car battery for the following signs might help you make an informed decision:

  • There are liquid bubbles occasionally seeping out through the battery terminals
  • The battery looks shapeless – especially swollen and bulging.
  • You can observe some sort of corrosion around the terminal caps
  • There is a foul smell coming out of the battery.
  • You observe a common phenomenon of condensation of acid drops all across the battery. It would look as if the battery is sweating.

Why do batteries leak?

batteries leak

Many car owners have perennially asked the question – “Why do batteries leak?” Car battery leaking issues occur mostly due to the age of the car or when the battery is often overcharged or because of the cold weather conditions.

When one talks about car battery leaking, it is the acid that comes out from the cell cap area or that which gives rise to the crack in the battery casing. One will also identify fluid leaks from various cracks in the battery. This leaking fluid is Sulfuric acid which is extremely corrosive in nature.

Sulfuric acid leaks happen in car batteries it is usually due to either the car battery being overused or overcharged. If the car battery has been in use for a long period of time, over and above the average period of use then car battery leaking cases have more chances of occurring.

The second reason why car battery leaking occurs is due to inadvertent over-charging of batteries. When the batteries are over-charged, the electrolytes inside reach boiling point and cause the acid to come out through the vent caps.

Since sulfuric acid is extremely corrosive, it reacts with the metal components in the battery and aggravates the situation. The terminals of the battery then are ruined. Though less reported there are other issues that might crop up. Even with the lead-acid batteries, overfilling of the chambers can result in solution overflowing and leaking out thus leading to the same situation. Another situation is where the over-charging leads to overheating of the battery plates, which then expand.

Car battery leaking has even resulted in the batteries bursting which might lead to serious accidents. Hence it helps to occasionally check the car batteries for leakages.

Experts studying why do batteries leak have come across other reasons too for the same. Incorrectly storing the battery can also lead to car battery leaking. It is often advised that car batteries that are being stored need to be fully charged and placed in a cool place. Car batteries kept in unventilated warm spots have been known to inflate, swell and overheat. The swollen batteries then crack and that can lead to the car battery leaking.

How to solve car battery leaking?

solve car battery leaking

Well, the right answer to this question is not to delay any action once you are clear that there is a definite car battery leaking issue in your vehicle. Battery leaks can be hazardous to both the vehicle and the passengers that often take a ride in the car.

The keyword here is prompt action even if you presume that the battery still has some amount of life and function left in it. The appropriate step to be taken is to immediately visit a certified mechanic who understands the use of high-quality replacement components as well as provides products that offer a substantial warranty.

Now in case, the mechanic says that it is only a minor issue say slightly corroded car battery terminals or a small issue of a narrow or negligible crack in the battery case and doesn’t need any major replacement, after verifying this maybe with a second opinion you can undertake the following steps to solve the car battery leaking issue:

  • Unhook the battery from both negative and positive terminals in that order to avoid an electric shock and do a check on the extent of corrosion and damage.
  • It would help to have a trained hand nearby to do the rest of the steps.
  • Keep all the necessary items that will help you solve this issue such as rubber gloves, goggles, baking soda, cleaning cloth, adequate amounts of water, sandpaper, sealant, a plastic pail or bin, wire brush, etc.
  • Once you have unhooked the battery or in case it is the battery case where it has to be uncapped, you can remove the electrolyte and store it in the bin. Be careful with the electrolyte as it contains sulfuric acid. Make sure the bin is coated with baking soda which will null the effect of the sulfuric acid
  • Apply some baking soda to the corroded terminals and pour some water over it. You will see a reaction taking place as the mixture bubbles and froths. If you are not comfortable with using baking soda, you may use a cleaning agent.
  • The next step is to remove the corroded particles by scrubbing them with a wire brush nicely and thoroughly.
  • In case the battery surface has cracked you might want to first clean the area with a dry cleaning cloth before applying the sealant to all the cracks. Wait till the surface dries.
  • Once you have completed the cleaning task wait for it to dry
  • The electrolytes that you took out might need replacement.
  • You would also be corking the battery caps and tightly securing them.
  • Once you are sure you have wiped clean the whole area and everything is dry, you need to charge the battery for a period of more than a day.

Now let’s look at the other scenario. In case the car battery leaking issue is serious, then avoid any sort of damage control and immediately replace the battery with a new one.

Disposal of the damaged car battery is also important. One shouldn’t throw away the old car battery in the trash as it might cause acid leaks and can cause lead poisoning as well as other environmental damage.

In conclusion

One might want to avoid prolonging any usage of a damaged car battery and driving the vehicle while a leaking car battery is connected. Car battery leaking issues should never be overlooked and immediate corrective action needs to be taken by the owner as mentioned above in case of appearance of any of the signs.

Brake Pad Replacement Cost

Brake Pad Replacement Cost – What To Expect

What brake pad replacement cost you should expect depends on multiple factors. Experiencing weird sounds or spongy feelings from brakes that take a lot of time to lower the speed indicates that your car needs a brake pad replacement.

Since the braking system is the most critical part of any vehicle, which often wears down if not maintained, it is imperative to make quick decisions on time to prevent any mishaps.

Thus, this guide is for you if you are dealing with similar issues. In this article, you will learn about brake pad replacement cost, how many brake pads does a car have, how long do brake pads last, how to check brake pads, and what are the signs of worn car brake pads. Thus, keep reading till the end and be informed about your car.

Before we go over the brake pad replacement cost, let’s understand what a brake pad is and its role in a vehicle.

What Is A Brake Pad?

What Is A Brake Pad

The brake pad is a crucial component of your car and plays a vital role in lowering the speed once you push the brakes. Brakes are built with a uniform piece of steel. This piece contains a comprehensive friction material on one side. The brake pads connect with the brake disc once you push the brake pedals, which results in causing friction and helping the wheels stop further movement.

Moreover, these wheels move pretty fast and making your car stop suddenly, or even frequent use of brakes causes a lot of stress on the brake pads.

How Much Does Brake Pad Replacement Cost?

Brake pad replacement cost varies among different vehicles and on the front and rear of the braking system. Various cars are installed with varying measurements of the brake calipers at the front and rear, where larger brakes are fitted at the front. Additionally, you may only need to replace either one or, in some cases, both brake pads.

Furthermore, brake pad replacement cost depends on the cost of the parts and labor per hour. Here, the cost of the parts varies from vehicle to vehicle, and labor rates depend on your location.

If you are experiencing a squealing or grinding noise when you push the brakes, then it is the right time to have them replaced—generally, brake pad replacement costs range from $150 to $400 per axle. However, the brake pad replacement cost varies depending on the type of car and the braking system on your car.

Factors Impacting The Brake Pad Replacement Cost

Here Are Some Other Factors That Significantly Affect The Brake Pad Replacement Cost.

Make Of The Vehicle

The make of the car also dramatically affects the replacement cost of brakes. For example, you must expect higher replacement costs for an SUV compared to a small-sized vehicle. Usually, the replacement cost for big cars like BMWs ranges from around $150 per axle, whereas it ranges from around $50 to $80 per axle for compact cars.

The Model Of The Vehicle

The model of your vehicle influences the brake pad replacement cost. If you own a high-performance vehicle, brake pads will be expensive. Generally, high-performance brake pads can cost up to $600 per axle.

How Many Brake Pads Does A Car have?

How Many Brake Pads Does A Car have

Generally, most standard car models have brake pads on each wheel, front and rear. But, many cars also possess two brake pads for a single wheel, which makes a total of eight brake pads. The calipers of the vehicle have four pads, whereas there are also cars with two calipers. Anyhow, the answer to how many brake pads does a car have depends on the type of vehicle, and making a generalized decision would be incorrect because there are many car models that differ from each other in how many brake pads are required.

What Are The Signs Of Worn Car Brake Pads?

Every time you push your car’s brake pedals, a small quantity of the friction material decreases from the brake pads. This friction material becomes fine with consistent use, especially if you commute daily and brakes are used frequently. Hence, if the brake pads are not replaced on time, the friction material will wear off, ultimately revealing the steel parts that grip the material. Thus, when these steel parts get in contact with the disc, it results in damaged discs and long braking distances. Hence, look for these signs to know about worn car brake pads.

Screeching Noises

Cars with brake pads have indicators to help the driver get aware of the screeching, squealing, or whining sounds while using the brakes. This noise occurs because of the small metal fitting on the brake pad backing panel. On the other hand, wear indicators also work on the same basis. Thus, once you start hearing these noises frequently while pushing the brakes, it is time to take your car for a brake replacement.

Apart from this, you may hear these noises when brakes get exposed to damp conditions such as rain. In this case, brakes may produce a similar screeching sound. However, if the noise vanishes after the initial few uses of the brakes, it indicates that the noise most probably happened due to the moisture content and not the brake failure.

Small Size Friction Material

You can check your car’s brake pads visibly on the disc brakes. However, it may need you to take out the wheels. Once the wheels are out, inspect the brake caliper that holds the brake. Your brake pads must be visible here that are pressed against the brake rotor. If the friction material is less than a quarter-inch, get your brake pads checked, most importantly if they have not been inspected for a long time.

Deep Metallic Grinding Noise

If your brake pads start making deep noises similar to metallic grinding or growling, it may be a serious indicator that the brake pads are worn off, and the backing plates are getting in touch with the discs. This metal-to-metal contact can result in severe damage to the car’s braking system. Hence, it is essential to visit the mechanic shop as early as possible to prevent unwanted situations.

Spongy Feel

While pushing brakes, if it feels squishy or hard, similar to a sponge, it may refer to worn car brake pads. However, you can still make use of the brakes, but it will require quite a lot of pressure to apply the brakes. Further, spongy brake pads also refer to brake fluid leakage or faulty brake cylinders.

Slower Brakes

Extremely worn-out brake pads will not apply the required amount of friction to the rotors to lower the car’s speed. This might result in accidents if your brakes take longer to respond every time you push the brake pedal.

Indicator Lights

Many cars have an indicator light on their dashboard that lights up when it is time to replace the brake pads. For this, check the vehicle’s user guide to verify whether it comes with a low pad warning system.

Car Pulls To One Side

While driving, you might experience your car tilting to one side because the braking system is faulty. Thus, if you find that the brake shoe is spoiled with fluid or grease, or even if your vehicle has a dripping cylinder, the brake pads will need to be changed.

How Long Do Brake Pads Last?

How Long Do Brake Pads Last

There is no particular answer to the query of how long do brake pads last. Most car manufacturers evaluate the longevity of braking systems with ranges from around 20 thousand to 70 thousand miles. However, it may raise concerns about why some brake pads last longer than others. Well, this depends on multiple factors.

Components That Affect The Longevity Of Your Brake Pads

Some of the most common factors that affect the lifespan of brake pads are listed below.

Driving Practices

Suppose you are used to driving at high speeds and suddenly pushing the brake pedals to exert a lot of pressure on the brakes. This happens because your car requires great power to stop, resulting in worn-out brake pads. Consequently, driving at low speeds will not require you to put massive force into getting the car to stop. Hence, this practice will result in a good lifespan for the brake pads.

Type Of Brake Pads

The type of brake pads is of great importance when considering how long pads will last. Brake pads come in three different types, varying in the type of material used. Your vehicle might be using an organic brake pad, a ceramic brake pad, or a semi-metallic brake pad.

  • Organic brake pads are assembled with fiber, rubber, glass, kevlar, and carbon blended with resins. However, this brake type has the lowest lifespan and is easily worn off.
  • Metallic brake pads are made with suitable quality materials to extend durability and improve braking response. This type of braking pad can last up to 50 thousand miles.
  • The ceramic brake pad type is usually installed in luxury cars. They are smooth and make for a comfortable braking experience. They have a lifespan of around 70 thousand miles.

Driving Environment

Even though it is not noticeable, the driving environment plays a vital role in the longevity of brake pads. For example, if you live in a hilly region, every climb and drop on these roads will require you to put more pressure on the brakes than on flat surfaces.

State Of Brake Rotors And Calipers

Brake pads work in line with other brake parts such as calipers and rotors. Thus, if either one of these is not in good condition, it might affect the working capacity of the brakes. Rigid brake calipers or distorted rotors can cause brake pads to fail quite earlier than normal. However, even with the scenario, brakes will still work.

Additionally, if there is a burning kind of smell coming from the wheels, it may be due to a stuck brake caliper. On the other hand, if there is a jittery feeling or ineffective brakes, it is a sign that the braking system will soon collapse.

How To Check Brake Pads

How To Check Brake Pads

Although it is recommended to get your car checked by a professional, you can still do the inspection yourself in needy situations. Follow the given steps listed below on how to check brake pads.

Tools Required

  • Torch
  • Vehicle Jack
  • Outside Micrometer
  • Car Stands

Instructions To Follow

Inspect For Any Noise

As discussed earlier, inspect the brake pads for any considerable noise. For this, test your vehicle’s braking system for any squeaking, whining, or metal screeching sounds.

Check Brake Pads

Inspect the brake pads via observing through wheels and ensure they are not less than a quarter inch. Besides, if your car has a wear indicator, it will be visible as a slot in the center of the pads. Moreover, if the slot vanishes, it’s time for a replacement.

Look Over The Wheels

Observe the wheels and check for a significant amount of brake dust present. Less dust will indicate that brake pads need a replacement.

Check Steering Wheel

Examine the steering wheel and brake pedal. If they are shaking, it is an indication of worn-out brake pads.

Examine Brake Caliper

Look over the brake caliper and ensure it is mounted perfectly.

Verify Brake Pad Lining

Inspect the brake pad lining by verifying the thickness of the backing plate. If the width of the backing plate and brake lining surface is the same, brake pads need replacement.

Be Vary Of The Rotor

Scan through the rotor for any scoring, rust, or uneven wear. For this step, check the rotor specifications manual and estimate its thickness with the help of an outside micrometer. If the reading does not match the manual, get your car checked by an expert.

The article explores many factors that affect the brake pad replacement cost and, if you were to replace your brakes, how much would brake pad replacement cost you?

Many factors affect the brake pad replacement cost and its efficiency. However, a few factors are in your control, such as driving habits that increase the lifespan of brake pads. Thus, remember to regularly inspect brake pads and invest in good quality pads to avoid huge brake pad replacement costs later.

Car Maintenance Checklist

Car Maintenance Checklist – Stuff To Remember

For any car owner out there, it is pretty common to want to keep their car in working order for as long as possible. Typically, just making sure you keep up with your scheduled car maintenance would be enough. If you want to save a few bucks and learn a few things while doing it, then making a car maintenance checklist will go a long way.

The car maintenance checklist contains several more common and more frequent things you need to check on your car, helping to increase the vehicle’s longevity while also keeping the cost to a minimum.

Naturally, this isn’t exactly a replacement for professional checkups, but a car maintenance checklist should get you at least one step closer to saving some time and money down the line by reducing the number of mechanic visits.

How Important Is A Car Maintenance Checklist?

How Important is a Car Maintenance checklist

Well, what is a car maintenance checklist?

A car maintenance checklist is a reminder of when you should check certain parts. The vehicle components that make it onto the car maintenance checklist are the ones vulnerable to wear and tear and other issues.

A great place to start if you have absolutely no knowledge is to consult the user manual of the car, as typically there is a short guide on what the manufacturer thinks you should schedule for maintenance. And these guides usually come with a recommendation for their own service centers.

Regular service centers are the best way to increase your vehicle’s longevity. However, it can be very expensive. If you don’t mind paying for it, then this is the best option as the service centers replace buggy components with brand new ones, helping eliminate the underlying problem.

A secret we let our readers in on every time is that you can reduce the number of visits to an auto technician’s shop by simply maintaining your vehicle. To do that, you would need to put some effort into making a car maintenance checklist of your own. Maintaining a car yourself is easily the most optimal choice for budget-conscious vehicle owners.

But keep in mind that no matter who is maintaining your car, whether it is a service center or you, a car maintenance checklist will get you on top of the vehicle’s issues. A checklist will not eliminate the need for replacing new parts or repairing old ones; it is just a preventive measure to keep your vehicle in optimum condition at all times to avoid breakdowns.

It doesn’t make your car completely free from wear and tear over the years. At some point, all vehicles reach that part of their life where the maintenance would cost more than a new car when added up.

Common Things To Check In Your Vehicle

Common things to check in your vehicle

There are some components in the car that require regular maintenance, and many of us often forget about these as we are so consumed with our own lives. A car maintenance checklist should contain the following items to ensure that the vehicle is running at peak performance:

Oil And Coolant

Every few months, or before any long trips, you’ll want to make sure that the oil and coolant levels are good. These are both for the engine to run cool and smoothly. If left unchecked, you may face several issues while driving, from transmission slips to engine overheating and more.

Changing oil and coolant is also a DIY task. There are a lot of videos that you can watch to help you change the oil and coolant in your car. You can even refer to the car’s owner’s manual for guidance.

Air Filter

This is the part that keeps contaminants away from your engine as it draws in more air to keep it cool. Keeping an eye on the air filter will help improve fuel efficiency and decrease emissions from your vehicle.

Again, as this is a common check, you can rely on the user manual to guide you through changing an air filter at home.

Tire Pressure And Tread Depth

This should probably be at the top of the short-term items on your car maintenance checklist. Maintaining good tires can prevent the worst things from happening on the road.

Every month or so, check the air pressure in the tires with a tire pressure gauge. Also, keep in mind that for every 10 degrees colder it is, the tire drops one pound in pressure. Using the penny method, you can try checking the tread depth now and then.

You may also want to check the front and rear tires separately, as depending on the road conditions, the wear and tear might be uneven. Besides avoiding accidents, keeping tires well-maintained also improves fuel efficiency since there is less friction between the road and the tire.

The Lights

Yes, we mean all of them, the headlights, turn signals, brake, and parking lights. To check these, you just have to start your car and flick the lights on, then give it a quick check. It’s also very simple to replace these lights, although depending on your vehicle, they may have special lights that won’t allow more common bulbs to fit in.

Checking the lights should be right beside the tires on your car maintenance checklist, as they can be just as big of a factor in a car crash as the tires.

Oil And Filters

Now for the motor oil, which pretty much is required for all the parts in the engine to work well, as not only does it cool, but it also lubricates, cleans, and prevents corrosion in the engine. Keeping the oil topped up and clean is vital.

You also need to find out what kind of oil will best suit your vehicle. For this, you may want to consult the manufacturer or a professional. As a general rule of thumb, every 3 months or 3000 miles, you’ll want to change the oil and oil filter. If you want to save a bit of money, you can see in the manual the recommended time between changing the oil and sticking generally around that.

Wax Your Car

Finally, cleaning the outside of your car is also important. A quick wash can be done pretty often, just depending on how dirty it is. But about every six months, you should wax your car.

This not only makes it look nicer but also helps with the longevity of the paint, which will in turn prevent rusting. If rust begins to form and it’s not dealt with, it can lead to further complications down the line.

Things To Look Out For The Long Term

Things to look out for in the long term

These items on the car maintenance checklist don’t need to be changed out as frequently, but they must still be kept for your car to last a long time.

Transmission Fluid

Similar to the oil in the engine, the transmission fluid helps keep your transmission’s parts in working order. Forgetting to change this out won’t cause a devastating accident, rather it will slowly start to damage the transmission.

You’ll start to notice symptoms of a failing transmission, such as gear slippage, being unable to start, and more. The more you delay changing the transmission fluid, the greater the damage. Not focusing on transmission fluid can damage the entire transmission, resulting in thousands of dollars in replacement costs.

So, to avoid an unnecessary cost, keep the transmission fluid topped up.

Check The Shocks And Struts

This part should be checked by a professional unless you’re confident in your DIY abilities. The shock and strut are what takes the brunt of passing over bumps and are essential in the auto-steering system of a vehicle.

These should be checked every 50,000 miles or so. If left unchecked, you’ll notice a lack of responsiveness when steering as well as a tougher car to handle.

Transfer Case Fluid

This is for all-wheel-drive vehicles, as the transfer case is what shifts the power from the transmission to the axles.

You have to follow the specifications given by the manufacturer in this case, and if you’re checking yourself, you’ll need the tools to get under the car. If you do not have these, then you should probably just let a professional deal with this.

Coolant Fluid Exchange

This is a part of the radiator that is a vital component in keeping your engine cool. This is where you flush out the coolant, as keeping the fluid clean is necessary for smooth functioning and to avoid any sort of buildup.

While you’re here, you can also clean out any buildup that might’ve happened while also checking the rest of the radiator. To know how often to change this, refer to the manufacturer’s specs.

Spark Plugs

This is what ignites the engine and is responsible for mixing air and gas to help the vehicle start. If the spark plugs aren’t working right, then the engine may lose power and, in turn, performance.

Again, taking it to a professional is recommended unless you want to go tinkering around in there until you can get it right. This part is less likely to go bad, so you have to base it on the feeling of the drive. If it’s gotten slower or harder to reach the usual speeds, you might want to check the spark plugs.

Serpentine Belt

The serpentine belt is what gives life to most of the peripheral devices in your car. Things like the alternator, power steering pump, and air conditioner compressor. It may seem like just a piece of rubber, but it does contribute greatly to driving comfortably.

When checking on the serpentine belt, you sort of just have to look at it to see if the wear is too great or if tearing has started. If you spot any wear and tear on the belt, it is best to replace it with the manufacturer’s recommended replacement.

Front And Rear Differential

These are what split the torque of the engine over to the tires which is what allows them to spin. In simpler words, it makes engine energy useful. For vehicles with two-wheel-drive, there is only one differential. For four-wheel-drive vehicles, you’ll have to check the front and rear differentials.

You may need to take your car to the mechanic for it as it will require a few tools to get to the parts you need. However, if you have tools at home, you can embark on this DIY project and start to lubricate the parts sufficiently.

Things To Remember For Hybrid Car Maintenance

Things to remember for hybrid car maintenance

Alright, now you have your car maintenance checklist, but uh oh, you drive a hybrid!

Hybrid car maintenance can differ from regular car maintenance in some ways, so you may have to rearrange the car maintenance checklist a little. Hybrid car maintenance, for the most part, is still the same.

When it comes to hybrid car maintenance, you still have to do all of the above. There will be several parts that last longer on a hybrid car, so check the user manual as the time between checking or miles driven can vary from car to car.

Since hybrids use less gas, the wear and tear on the engine and brakes are considerably lower, which means you won’t have to check up on them too often, unlike with a petrol or diesel car.

Changing the coolant can be more labor-intensive depending on the model. With a hybrid car, you also have to be more mindful of the battery. Of all the things in hybrid car maintenance, you should probably let a professional deal with any problems with the battery, as that can get really ugly, real quick.

The hybrid car is known for its low daily costs as compared to traditional vehicles, but the trade-off is the price. Hybrid cars are much more expensive, and the battery is an issue that few car owners want to concern themselves with.

Is Your Car Too Far Gone?

The easiest way to tell if your car is a lost cause is when, even after maintenance, it just doesn’t run as well as it used to.

If it still runs well, then maybe the parts are wearing out faster and it’s getting more and more expensive to maintain the car regularly. Or maybe the parts the car uses are out of date and buying new ones comes with a significantly higher cost. At this point, it’s a sign that you should either move on from your car or at least accept that it probably can’t be your daily driver anymore if you want to keep it.

how far can you drive on a spare tire

How Far Can You Drive On A Spare Tire? The Distance You Can Go On A Spare Tire Depends On Its Type

A flat tire is a major frustration and inconvenience, but the thing is, where once you may have reached for your spare tire, it is no longer the rule. Spare tires are not considered as standard gear in a car. So the question now arises how far can you drive on a spare tire?

Not having a spare tire in your car is an effort to improve fuel efficiency as the spare tire can weigh in the region of 40 pounds. In some cars, they can also take up important space. Nonetheless, they have always been a useful addition to a car, so if you need to replace your flat tire with a spare, the question is ‘how far can you drive on a spare tire?’ This is an important question to answer, particularly when you are stuck out in the boondocks.

Well, the answer to how far can you drive on a spare tire is not straightforward because certainly with a donut tire it would be about 50 miles while with a well-maintained standard spare tire, you could go for as long as you like. Let us look into more detail.

How far can you drive on a spare tire?

Different factors impact the spare tire’s distance

Different factors impact the spare tire’s distance

There is not just a single word answer to this question such as 40 miles. It depends on different factors. For starters, there are different kinds of spare tires, so if you are unsure about the spare tire you have, check the owner’s manual to find out what kind of space you have.

Also, you have to check on the spare tire from time to time as spare tires can lose pressure with changes in temperature. You will need to check the tire pressure in your spare, certainly prior to leaving on a long trip. Essentially your tires should be rotated every 5 000 miles and then it is a good idea to check your spare tire to make sure it is inflated and in a state of good repair.

With donut tires, you may have to resort to towing

With donut tires you may have to resort to towing

For instance, all older cars had a  spare tire that was the same as their tires the car came with. Over the years, however, car manufacturers have seen that these spare tires were not often used and that they were essentially just taking up space.

They began to equip cars with a ‘donut’ tire. This is a smaller, lighter tire – just a temporary solution for when you have a flat tire. The tire’s job is to get you to where you need to be so that you can get to an auto repair shop to get a proper tire installed. Most of these spare tires come with a single layer of polyester on their sidewall.

The whole purpose of the spare tire is that it should only be used in an emergency. The tread on these tires is less than a regular tire too which means you can’t go faster than 50 mph and you would not risk going further than 50 miles with them. How far can you go with a spare tire that is a donut is not too far and you may have to resort to towing services as there is only so far the donut tires can go.

You can go much further with a Standard Spare Tire

You can go much further with a Standard Spare Tire

The type of spare tire you have will make a difference to how far can you drive on a spare tire. Yes, a full-size spare tire, especially one that is new, can be put on in place of the flat tire and take you to safety.

If the spare tire is brand new and the other 3 tires are well used, things will feel different and unbalanced and therefore you would drive at a slower pace. How far can you drive on a spare tire that is a full-sized spare is not particularly far either. Some car manufacturers do not give a donut spare tire but they give a full-sized spare tire that is much the same as your regular tire.

Irregular treads jeopardize the safety

As already mentioned, the tread pattern can be different from the ones already on your car. Because you will be driving on different tread patterns, there will be some issues with car handling. With these standard spare tires, they will go far more than the donut tires, and in fact, if your car has a standard spare tire, you should be able to drive with it for as long as you want. Just remember to get the flat tire repaired, so that you are not driving around without a spare.

car battery dead no jumper cables

A Car Battery Dead No Jumper Cables Need Not Spell Hopelessness

You are trying to start your car and it refuses to budge? Most probably it is the battery that has died. There are so many reasons why your car battery could die on you and leave you stranded. Even if someone did manage to jump-start it for you, chances are it could die on you the next time you stopped. You could have forgotten to leave your radio or lights on or maybe when you do your calculations, you discover that your battery is between 3 and 5 years of age.

With a car battery dead no jumper cables,  it need not mean the end of the road as there are a few other ideas you could try. And if nothing is working, there is always the option to get a towing company to tow you out of your frustration.

What you can do when your car battery is dead and you do not have jumper cables

Sometimes a dead battery is really dead

Sometimes a dead battery is really dead

Essentially, once your battery gets the engine going, the alternator then charges the battery so that when you use your car next time, the battery is recharged. An old battery can be jump-started just so many times and then it is going to leave you stranded.

Then car battery dead no jumper cables can become a stark reality and that is when you can be glad to have the telephone number of a tow company stored on your cell phone. They can at least tow your car in, get you to safety, and you can have your battery tested to see if, in fact, it does require replacing.

It can be dangerous waving down another car

It can be dangerous waving down another car

Car battery dead no jumper cables will happen to you just once and then you will be sure to always have a set of jumper cables in your car. it is a good idea to always have these jumper cables in your car, however, there is one drawback with them and that is that they go hand in hand with another car. You require another car with a charged battery to make them successful.

Sometimes when you are alone on the side of the road,  waving down a stranger to help you can be dangerous. These days you can’t take chances and you have to prepare for the unreliability of your car and take steps to have options that can get you out of a tricky situation.

There are ways to avoid scenarios like this and power banks allow you to jump-start your car without the need for a second car.

Jump-starting a car is not that difficult. There are many guides on the Internet that tell you how to clamp the positive and negative cables. Once the cables are connected, it is time to start the cars. If the car did start then you should allow it to run for 15 minutes, revving it every now and again.

Car battery dead no jumper cables need not spell total hopelessness. If your car does not start and you do not have jumper cables and you are stuck in the middle of nowhere, there is something else you can try. But it also depends on whether you are driving a manual or automatic car.

Push starting a car

Push starting a car

If you are lucky and your car is on a bit of a slope, the incline will make it easier for you – give you a  bit of momentum to start your car. If you can get your car moving, the idea is to turn the ignition on and to put your car into 2nd gear. Once your car has some momentum, release the clutch quickly.

Unfortunately, this push-start way of jump-starting your car won’t work if you have an automatic transmission. You could start it with a portable battery charger. If you have some money, car battery dead no jumper cables need not be like the end of the road for you.

This portable charger is a convenient alternative to jumper cables with clamps for jump-starting a car. They are so useful and are not just portable jump-starters as they come with other features too. You can recharge them with wall plug adapters and USB ports or cigarette lighters.

As you can see there are several techniques to trying to get a flat battery on the go again. If all else fails and you are literally out of ideas on how to get your car started, you will have to call a towing company out that provides roadside assistance.

Subscribe for latest newsletter

At Junk Cars for Cash we are focused on honesty, integrity and fairness. Our trustworthy junk car buyers offer the highest prices in the industry for junk cars in the Twin Cities metro area. Based in Minneapolis MN,  Cash for Junk Cars delivers free quotes, and are backed with a price match guarantee. Call today for free junk car removal.  We will do our best to accommodate expedited requests.

Contact Junk Cars for Cash

Junk Cars for Cash Location:

445 Minnesota St 15th Floor
St Paul, MN 55101
Phone: (612) 314-8000
E-mail: [email protected]

Copyright © 2020 – Junk Cars For Cash MN- All Rights Reserved